2015/08/31

From Design Engineering to Drivers, Driving forces | Innovation glossary



Design Engineering [CIS] The technical development of a Concept Design, beyond its visual, formal and strategic articulation, towards a working prototype that will nearly resemble the final product, by employing the tools and technologies of material, electronic, informatic or other dimensions of Engineering.

Design Research [CIS] All forms of data capture, research, intelligence gathering, and insights generation that may serve to inform the design and development of any product, service, system or solution. Methodologies commonly employed in the course of Design Research may include ethnography, user interviews, usability tests, and other interactive and immersive means for engaging with and observing prospective users.

Design Strategy [CIS] An overarching approach and systematic policy of expressing, associating or otherwise aligning the physical and aesthetic values of a product or service with the expectations and needs of users (based on underlying conceptual, social, psychological or other factors) so as to advance the commercial interests of the manufacturers or providers.

Design Thinking [CIS] Ways of thinking, conceptualizing, imagining, and envisioning solutions to problems that (1) redefine the fundamental challenge or task at hand, (2) develop multiple possible options and solutions in parallel, and (3) prioritize and select those which are likely to achieve the greatest benefits in terms of, for example, impact, viability, cost. “Design thinking is a human-centered approach to innovation that draws from the designer's toolkit to integrate the needs of people, the possibilities of technology, and the requirements for business success.” (Tim Brown, president and CEO, IDEO, http://www.ideo.com/about/.)

design [CIS] An increasingly fragmented set of visually-related competencies, acquired more through apprenticeship than through formal training, that subserve the needs of post-modern consumer capitalism.

Design [CIS] Any expression of intentionality or purposiveness by an agent, including for example the scratching of one rock against another. Another definition: The process or path through which a final solution comes about. Another definition: The iterative description of a proposed solution, using language, gesture, text, visualization, plastic modeling, and any other form of human expression, to increasingly higher degrees of fidelity, until it approximates the object of design itself. Another definition: To see the world other than it is, to see it as it could or should be.

Development [RCUK] Systematic work, drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience, which is directed to producing new materials, products or devices, to installing new processes, systems and services, or to improving substantially those already produced or installed.

Diffusion [RCUK] Widespread uptake of a product or process throughout the market of potential adopters.

Digital Agenda [EC] The first of seven flagship initiatives of Europe 2020 strategy which contains the strategy of the European Union towards a digital economy through utilisation of digital technologies by 2020.

Direct action [EC] Research and innovation activities undertaken by the European Commission through its Joint Research Centre (JRC).

Dissemination [EC] The public disclosure of the results by any appropriate means (other than resulting from protecting or exploiting the results), including by scientific publications in any medium.

Divergent Thinking [CIS] “The ability to develop original and unique ideas and to envision multiple solutions to a problem.” (“Divergent thinking.” Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2001.) See also: Convergent Thinking

Doctoral programmes [EC] One of the two types of programme supported by the MSC COFUND action addressing the development and broadening of the research competencies of early-stage researchers. The training will follow the EU Principles on Innovative Doctoral Training. Collaboration with a wider set of partners, including from the non-academic sector, which may provide hosting or secondment opportunities or training in research or transferable skills, as well as innovative elements of the proposed programme, are welcome. Each researcher shall be enrolled in a doctoral programme.

Drivers, Driving forces [GFAR FTP] Factors causing change, affecting or shaping the future.



References




2015/08/28

From Country correction coefficient to Deployment | Innovation glossary



Country correction coefficient [EC] EU Funding in Horizon 2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions (MSC) is based on unit costs per researcher month. In MSC Innovative Training Networks (ITN) and MSC Individual Fellowships (IF) actions, Country Correction Coefficients are applied to the \”Living allowance\” unit cost in order to take into consideration the different cost of living. The applied correction coefficient is the one of the host country where the research work is carried out.

Creating the Innovation Ecosystem [EC-E] Measures to support innovators in the development of conditions favourable to innovation. See also: Human Capital; Information; Infrastructure; Links.

Crowdsourcing [CIS] The inclusion of large groups or the public at large into specific forms of decision making or solutioneering using public platforms such as websites, wikis, mobile media or other mechanisms that allow members of such groups to contribute ideas or propositions and for others to validate, ratify or improve them.

Current costs (for R&D) [UIS] Current costs (for R&D) are composed of labour costs and other current costs. Labour costs of R&D personnel consist of annual wages, salaries and all associated costs or fringe benefits. Other current costs comprise non-capital purchases of materials, supplies and equipment to support R&D. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §360-361, 364.

Data Management Plan (DMP) [EC] A document outlining how the research data collected or generated by a research project in Horizon 2020 will be handled during and after project end. It describes what data will be collected / generated, what methodology and standards are used, whether and how this data will be shared and/or made open, and how it will be curated and preserved.

Degree of novelty - new to the firm [UIS] Implementation by a firm of a new or significantly improved good or service that was already available from its competitors in the market. A product, process, marketing method or organizational method may already have been implemented by other firms, but if it is new to the firm, then it is an innovation for that firm. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §207.

Degree of novelty - new to the market [UIS] Implementation of a new or significantly improved good or service by a firm on its market before its competitors. The geographical scope of new to the market is subject to the firm’s own view of its operating market and may include both domestic and international firms. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §209.

Degree of novelty - new to the world [UIS] An innovation is new to the world when the firm is the first to implement the innovation for all markets and industries, domestic and international. New to the world therefore implies a qualitatively greater degree of novelty than new to the market. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §210.

Delphi [GFAR FTP] An anonymous survey method using iterative structured feedback to pool expert opinion on the future.

Demand pull [RCUK] Demand pull refers to market environments or emerging needs which incentivise innovative products or processes. It can refer either to emerging market opportunities or public sector policies and measures, including subsidies, designed to promote innovation. It is often linked to or used in dichotomy with technology push.

Demonstration [RCUK] An activity that demonstrates the viability of a product or process.

Deployment [RCUK] The use of a product or process for practical and/or commercial purposes.



References




2015/08/27

From Complex systems to Coordinator | Innovation glossary



Complex systems [GFAR FTP] Systems which are made up of multiple interacting components exhibiting emergent macro-behaviour and interacting dynamically with their wider contexts.

Concept Design [CIS] The description of a possible design solution in words, diagrams, and other forms of text and visualization to communicate an imminent possibility that does not yet exist. Concept Design is the first and fundamental stage of design, from which the proposed solution may come to be described to increasingly levels of fidelity.

Conflict of interest [EC] Any event influencing the capacity of a candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary to give an objective and impartial professional opinion, or preventing it, at any moment, from giving priority to the interests of the Contracting Authority. Any consideration relating to possible contracts in the future or conflict with other commitments, past or present, of a candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary. These restrictions also apply to any sub-contractors and employees of the candidate, tenderer, contractor or grant beneficiary. Within the meaning of Article 52 of the Financial Regulation conflict of interest means that the impartial and objective exercise of the functions of a player in the implementation of the budget or an internal auditor is compromised for reasons involving family, emotional life, political or national affinity, economic interest or any other shared interest with the beneficiary.

Consensus Discussion [EC] A meeting of experts who participated in the individual evaluation, moderated by a Commission representative, usually performed in Brussels (or electronic forum), to discuss the scores awarded and to prepare comments. The experts attempt to agree on a consensus score for each of the criteria that have been evaluated and comments which justify the scores and are suitable for feedback to the proposal coordinator. Scores and comments are set out in a consensus report.

Consortium Agreement [EC] Is an internal agreement between members of a consortium establishing their rights and obligations with respect to the implementation of the action in compliance with the grant agreement.

Continuous Submission Scheme [EC] Some calls for proposals may be continuously open to allow proposal submission at any time, but may specify intermediate closure dates.

Contracted-out (external) R&D (for innovation) [UIS] Any creative work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge for developing innovations but performed by other firms (including other firms or subsidiaries within the group) or by public or private research organizations and purchased by the firm. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §317, 322.

Contractor [EC] Contractor means a natural or legal person with whom a procurement contract has been concluded.

Convergent Thinking [CIS] “The ability to narrow the number of possible solutions to a problem by applying logic and knowledge.” (“Convergent thinking.” Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Group, 2001.) See also: Divergent Thinking

Co-operation for innovation activities [UIS] Active participation in joint innovation projects with other organizations. Pure contracting out of work, where there is no active collaboration, is not regarded as cooperation. The indicator is calculated as a percentage. Source: Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §271.

Coordination and Support Action [EC] An action consisting primarily of accompanying measures such as standardisation, dissemination, awareness raising and communication, networking, coordination or support services, policy dialogues and mutual learning exercises and studies, including design studies for new infrastructure and may also include complementary activities of networking and coordination between programmes in different countries.

Coordinator Contact [EC] A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for the paperless management of Horizon 2020 grants. Coordinator Contacts have full, read/write access to their own and the consortium’s common e-forms, and can submit to the Commission/Agency. They can nominate/revoke other Coordinator Contacts, Task Managers and Team Members of the coordinating entity.

Coordinator [EC] The coordinator of a consortium who submits the project in the name of the consortium. In case of successful application it participates in the grant preparation in the name of the consortium and during the project period keeps contact with the European Commission in the name of the consortium.



References




2015/08/26

From Causality to Competitiveness | Innovation glossary



Causality [GFAR FTP] A logical link between events where a cause precedes an effect and altering the cause alters the effect.

CIP [EC-EI] Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Programme-

Civil Society Organisation [EC] Any legal entity that is non governmental, non-profit, not representing commercial interests and pursuing a common purpose in the public interest.

Civil society [EC] Civil society which includes: labour-market players (i.e. trade unions and employers federations – the “social partners”); organisations representing social and economic players, which are not social partners in the strict sense of the term (for instance, consumer organisations); NGOs (non-governmental organisations), which bring people together in a common cause, such as environmental organisations, human rights organisations, charitable organisations, educational and training organisations, etc.; CBOs (community-based organisations), i.e. organisations set up within society at grassroots level which pursue member-oriented objectives, e.g. youth organisations, family associations and all organisations through which citizens participate in local and municipal life; and religious communities.

Close-to-market action [EC] An action primarily consisting of activities directly aiming at producing plans and arrangements or designs for new, altered or improved products, processes or services. For this purpose they may include prototyping, testing, demonstrating, piloting, large-scale product validation and market replication.

Clusters [EC-EI] Clusters can be defined as a group of firms, related economic actors, and institutions that are located near each other and have reached a sufficient scale to develop specialised expertise, services, resources, suppliers and skills.

Co-creation [CIS] “...increasingly, the joint efforts of the consumer and the firm - the firm’s extended network and consumer communities together - are co-creating value through personalized experiences that are unique to each individual consumer. This proposition challenges the fundamental assumptions about our industrial system — assumptions about value itself, the value creation process, and the nature of the relationship between the firm and the consumer. In this new paradigm, the firm and the consumer co-create value at points of interaction. Firms cannot think and act unilaterally.” (Prahalad, C. K., and Venkat Ramaswamy. The Future of Competition: Co-creating Unique Value with Customers. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2004.) See also: Crowdsourcing

Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers [EC] A set of general principles and requirements that should be followed by employers and/or funders when appointing or recruiting researchers. These should ensure observance of values such as transparency of the recruitment process and equal treatment of all applicants, in particular with regard to the development of an attractive, open and sustainable European labour market for researchers.

Cofunding of regional, national & int’l programmes [EC] MSC action aiming at stimulating regional, national or international programmes to foster excellence in researchers’ training, mobility and career development, spreading the best practices of MSC actions. This will be achieved by co-funding new or existing regional, national, and international programmes to open-up to, and provide for, international, intersectoral and interdicisplinary research training, as well as transnational and cross-sector mobility of researchers at all stages of their career.

Commercial demonstration [RCUK] A demonstration, conducted following technology demonstration, aimed at proving that a product or process could proceed to commercial deployment.

Commercial deployment [RCUK] The condition under which a product or process can be profitably deployed by commercial enterprises regardless of whether public subsidies are involved.

Commercialisation [RCUK] The process of taking a product or process form early to commercial deployment.

Communication [EC] Communication on projects is a strategically planned process, that starts at the outset of the action and continues throughout its entire lifetime, aimed at promoting the action and its results. It requires strategic and targeted measures for communicating about (1) the action and (2) its results to a multitude of audiences, including the media and the public and possibly engaging in a two-way exchange.

Competitiveness and Innovation framework Programme (CIP) [EC-EI] The CIP brings together several existing EU activities that support competitiveness and innovation for the period 2007-13. The combination of programmes provides synergies like a common toolbox and the synchronisation of calls for proposals. The sub-programmes comprise the "Entrepreneurship and Innovation Programme", the "ICT Policy Support Programme" and the "Intelligent Energy Programme".

Competitiveness [EC-EI] A competitive economy is an economy with a consistently high rate of productivity growth. Competitiveness depends on the performance of the economy's SME-fuelled industry. To be competitive, the EU must outperform its competitors in terms of research and innovation, information and communication technologies, entrepreneurship, competition, education and training. The Lisbon Strategy set out to make Europe the most competitive and dynamic economy in the world: competitiveness is therefore one of the top political priorities of the European Union.



References




2015/08/25

From Black swan to Capital expenditure (for R&D) | Innovation glossary



Black swan [GFAR FTP] A metaphor describing an extremely low-probability/unforeseen, high impact event that takes everyone by surprise.

Brainstorming [CIS] A collaborative activity in which small groups work together to generate as many new ideas or solutions to a problem as they can in response to particular kinds of stimulus and a particular framing of the problem. Ethnographic data is often the best form of stimulus. Large format index cards or post-it notes are good ways for participants to express their ideas. Team members should seek to build upon one another’s ideas and to express them visually, so far as possible.

Breaks, Ruptures, Disruptions, Discontinuities [GFAR FTP] Abrupt, major changes in the nature or direction of a trend.

Business as usual [GFAR FTP] A path towards a future considered as the continuation of the current path.

Business enterprise intramural expenditure on R&D (BERD) [UIS] R&D expenditure in the business sector, where the business sector in the context of R&D statistics includes: (1) All firms, organizations and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price. (2) The private non-profit institutions mainly serving them. Source: Adapted from OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §163.

Business enterprise sector (for R&D data) [UIS] In the context of R&D statistics, the business enterprise sector includes: (1) All firms, organizations and institutions whose primary activity is the market production of goods or services (other than higher education) for sale to the general public at an economically significant price. (2) The private non-profit institutions mainly serving them. (3) The core of this sector is made up of private enterprises. This also includes public enterprises. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §163.

Business incubation [EC-EI] The provision of services related to the formation and acceleration of the business operations of newly created companies, such as business plan development, facilities management, marketing, legal advise, recuitment, access to finance, mentoring, and internationalisation.

Business model [EC-EI] Conceptualisation of the value proposition that distinguishes a firm from its competitors.

Business population [UIS] All firms in the business sector, which can be disaggregated by economic activity and size class. Source: UIS Questionnaire on Innovation Statistics: Manufacturing industry, p. 28.

Call Coordinator [EC] A European Union official responsible for all practical questions in relation to a call, or part of a call, and who plans and organises the proposal reception and evaluation process.

Call for proposals [EC] Procedure to invite applicants to submit project proposals with the objective of receiving funds from the European Union.

Call publication [EC] Call publication is the act of publishing calls for project proposals on the Research & Innovation Participant Portal.

Capital expenditure (for R&D) [UIS] Annual gross expenditure on fixed assets used in R&D programmes of statistical units. They should be reported in full for the period when they took place and should not be registered as an element of depreciation. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §374.



References




2015/08/24

From Applicant to Beneficiary Register | Innovation glossary



Applicant [EC] Legal entity submitting an application for a call for proposals. When the application is submitted in name of a consortium then the applicant is the coordinator.

Applied research [RCUK] Original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Can include prototypes and pilot plant.

Applied research [UIS] Original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is, however, directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §64.

Associated country [EC] A third country which is party to an international agreement with the European Union, as identified in Article 7 of Regulation(EU) No 1290/2013 [Horizon 2020].

Award Criteria [EC] Also sometimes referred to as ‘evaluation criteria’. All proposals are evaluated on three criteria: excellence, impact, quality and efficiency of the implementation. The work programme or work plan shall lay down further details of the application of the award criteria and specify weightings and thresholds.

Backcasting [GFAR FTP] The process of working backwards from the definition of a possible future, in order to determine what needs to happen to make this future unfold and connect to the present.

Background [EC] Any data, know-how and/or information whatever their form or nature, tangible or intangible, including any rights such as intellectual property rights which are (1) held by participants prior to their accession to the action (2) identified by the participants in accordance with Article 42 of Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation (EU) No 1290/2013) and (3) needed for carrying out the action or for exploiting the results of the action.

Baseline [GFAR FTP] A set of reference data used as a basis for comparison.

Basic act [EC] A legal act adopted by the European Union institutions in the form of a regulation, a directive or a decision within the meaning of Article 288 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union which provides a legal basis for the action.

Basic research [RCUK] Experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view.

Basic research [UIS] Experimental or theoretical work undertaken primarily to acquire new knowledge of the underlying foundation of phenomena and observable facts, without any particular application or use in view. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §64.

Benchmarking [EC-EI] A management tool for comparing performance against an organisation that is widely regarded as outstanding in one or more areas, in order to improve performance.

Beneficiary [EC] Means the legal person, other than the European Commission, who is a Party in the Grant Agreement.

Beneficiary Register [EC] A central database of organisations (legal entities) participating in EU funding programmes. Each organisation has a Participant Identification Code (PIC) that is used as the unique identifier in all interactions in any proposals or grants in which the organisation is involved.



References




2015/08/21

From Abandoned innovation activities to Anticipation | Innovation glossary



Abandoned innovation activities [UIS] Innovation activities of a firm that were abandoned before the implementation of an innovation. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §42, 214.

Abroad (for R&D data) [UIS] In the context of R&D statistics, abroad refers to: (1) All institutions and individuals located outside the political borders of a country; except vehicles, ships, aircraft and space satellites operated by domestic entities and testing grounds acquired by such entities. (2) All international organizations (except business enterprises), including facilities and operations within a country’s borders. Source: OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §229.

Academic sector [EC] Consists of public or private higher education establishments awarding academic degrees, public or private non-profit research organisations whose primary mission is to pursue research, and international European interest organisations as they are defined in Article 2 of the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation.

Access rights [EC] Rights to use results or background under the terms and conditions laid down in accordance with the Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation(EU) No 1290/2013)

Access to risk finance [EC] Access to risk finance shall aim to overcome deficits in the availability of debt and equity finance for R&D and innovation-driven companies and projects at all stages of development. Together with the equity instrument of the Programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and SMEs, it shall support the development of European Union-level venture capital.

Account Administrator [EC] A role in the Participant Portal giving particular access rights for managing organisation-related data. Account Administrators are assigned by LEARs who delegate some of their tasks to them. Account Administrators have full read/write access to the organisation data and can assign Legal Signatories (LSIGNs) and Financial Signatories (FSIGNs).

Acquisition of machinery, equipment, other capital goods, and software [UIS] This innovation activity refers to goods specifically purchased for use in product and process innovation activities of the firm. This includes the acquisition of: land and buildings (including major improvements, modifications and repairs); machinery, instruments and equipment (including computer hardware); and computer software. This category only includes the acquisition of capital goods for innovation that is not included in R&D activities. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §326-330.

Acquisition of other external knowledge [UIS] In addition to R&D, firms may acquire technology and know-how in a number of forms and from a variety of sources in connection with the development and implementation of innovations, particularly for product or process innovation. This innovation activity includes the acquisition of rights to use patents and non-patented inventions, licences, disclosures of know-how, trademarks, designs and patterns from other enterprises and institutions such as universities and government research institutions, other than R&D. Acquisition of external knowledge may also include computer services and other scientific and technical services for product and process innovations activities. Source: OECD and Eurostat (2005), Oslo Manual: Guidelines for Collecting and Interpreting Innovation Data, §323-325.

Affiliated entity [EC] Any legal entity that is under the direct or indirect control of a participant, or under the same direct or indirect control as the participant, or is directly or indirectly controlling a participant. Control may take any of the forms set out in Article 7 of Horizon 2020 Rules for Participation (Regulation (EU) 1290/2013).

Agricultural sciences (for R&D data) [UIS] Agricultural sciences include: agriculture, forestry, and fisheries; animal and dairy science; veterinary science; agricultural biotechnology; and other agricultural sciences. Source: OECD (2007), Revised Fields of Science and Technology (FoS) Classification in the Frascati Manual.

All manufacturing firms [UIS] Total number of firms in the manufacturing industry. Source: UIS Questionnaire on Innovation Statistics: Manufacturing industry, p. 28.

Anticipation [GFAR FTP] The sense of expectation of an occurrence, predicting it and occasionally the act of preparing for it.



References




Innovation glossary – References



Centre for Internet & Society et al.
Design! Public. Design Thinking for Governance Innovation
A Glossary on Design, Innovation and Governance
Nueva Delhi 2011
http://cis-india.org/openness/publications/glossary.pdf



European Commission
Glossary of Reference Terms on Research & Innovation
Brussels [s.a.]
http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/support/reference_terms.html



European Commission - Enterprise
Tender Nº: 18/PP/ENT/CIP/10/E/N02C011. Future innovation policy development actions. LOT 1: Options for future structure and implementation of EU innovation funding FINAL REPORT
“X axis of the Innovation Support Matrix”
Brussels 2011
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/facts-figures-analysis/files/report_en.pdf



European Commission - Enterprise and Industry
Industrial innovation. Glossary
Brussels [s.a.]
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/glossary/index_en.htm



GFAR (Global Forum on Agricultural Research): Forward Thinking Platform (FTP)
Glossary of Terms commonly used in Futures Studies. Definitions, Illustrations/References and additional Notes.
Roma 2014
Glossary of Terms commonly used in Futures Studies
Definitions: http://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload//315972/FTP_Glossary%20flyer_vs03.pdf
Definitions with Illustrations/References and additional Noteshttp://www.fao.org/docs/eims/upload/315951/Glossary%20of%20Terms.pdf
Web page http://www.egfar.org/news/glossary-terms-commonly-used-futures-studies



Research Councils UK
Glossary of terms used to characterise innovation
London 2014
https://workspace.imperial.ac.uk/rcukenergystrategy/Public/Resources/Glossary%20of%20terms%20used%20to%20characterise%20innovation.pdf



UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Glossary of Terms for Science, Technology & Innovation
Montreal [s.a.]
http://glossary.uis.unesco.org/glossary/map/terms/177






2015/08/14

«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 62, 2015-07-27)




Administração Pública e inovação | Administración Pública e innovación |
Administration Publique et innovation | Public Administration and innovation

Um inovador | Un innovador | Un innovateur | An innovator

Uma inovação | Una innovación | Une innovation | An innovation

A execução da inovaçao | La ejecución de la innovación | L’exécution de l’innovation |
The innovation execution



Liderar Inovando (BR)

«O povo quer Ciência» [web] [intro]
«Produtores de sete estados disputam o Concurso Inventor Rural» [web] [intro]
«Exposição apresenta 40 objetos que mostram o trabalho de engenheiro e pensador de um dos homens mais brilhantes da história. Leonardo da Vinci: A Natureza da Inveção» [web] [intro]
«CPFL Energia promove melhorias no processo de distribuição» [web] [intro]

Liderar Inovando (PT)

«A Polónia deu autonomia às escolas e passou a estar ao lado dos melhores» [web] [intro]
«Escola Portuense cria a primeira escola virtual de Língua Gestual» [web] [intro]
«Plataforma portuguesa leva ao mundo inteiro ideias simples e que ajudam a vida de muitas pessoas afetadas por doenças» [web] [intro]
«Chamada de Projetos ao Laboratório Ibero-Americano de Inovação Cidadã #LABiCBR» [web] [intro]

Liderar Innovando (ES)

«Tenerife acogerá en octubre el II Congreso Iberoamericano de Innovación Pública» [web] [intro]
«Los 10 países más innovadores del mundo» [web] [intro]
«Innovación, intuición vs Big Data y la telepatía informática según Mark Zuckerberg (1ª parte)» [web] [intro]
«Castilla y León aumenta su desventaja en el uso de las TIC. Solo se salvan la innovación tecnológica y el uso del e-learning en la empresa» [web] [intro]

Mener avec Innovation (FR)

«Le nouveau portail franco-mexicain pour la recherche et l’innovation, au service de la coopération scientifique entre les deux pays» [web] [intro]
«Une fondation libérale, progressiste et européenne» [web] [intro]
«Le tour du monde de l’innovation» [web] [intro]
«Favi: quand confiance rime avec performance» [web] [intro]

Leadership and Innovation (EN)

«Innovation vital to meet public sector challenges, says CIPFA president» [web] [intro]
«6 Unusual Habits of Exceptionally Creative People» [web] [intro]
«State-of-the-art innovation centre planned for former Wellington Street School» [web] [intro]
«Middle school students learn to use creativity through ‘Innovation, Design and Robotics’ program» [web] [intro]

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