2016/11/30

«Ousted finance minister known for tough reforms»



Koh Ping, China Correspondent In Beijing. The Straits Times (@STcom)



«The sudden removal of China’s high-profile finance minister this week has caught many by surprise, but some said it may not be unreasonable.

»Mr Lou Jiwei, who will turn 66 next month, is at the age when ministerial-level officials normally retire. It could be part of the reshuffle ahead of next year’s leadership transition, say observers.

»Still, many did not expect the outspoken reformist to be taken out after just three years on the job, especially at a time when China is grappling with a slowing economy.

»According to Chinese media, Mr Lou is seen as a competent policymaker who has pushed through reforms in areas such as local government debts and value-added tax.

»“This is a major earthquake,” said economist Yuan Gangming from Tsinghua University, adding that it is “an unusual move” as Mr Lou had not served the full five-year term.

»“He’s the best and the most qualified official that I’ve seen. A rare breed,” said Dr Yuan.

»Mr Lou is succeeded by Mr Xiao Jie, 59, a former top tax administrator who spent 23 years at the finance ministry before being appointed the vice-governor of central Hunan province in 2005.

Mr Lou is a technocrat groomed during a period of high growth in the 1990s to 2000s but “we are now in the age of rapid changes”, said Professor Cao. “His lack of innovative ideas has set the structural reforms back by at least nine months.”

»Many analysts agree that Mr Lou’s vocal nature and penchant for driving tough reforms may have caused his downfall.

»In April last year, he told an academic forum in Beijing “there is a 50 per cent chance China will slip into the middle-income trap”, that is, be stuck at the middle-income level of development. This, said Dr Yuan, “implies that there’s a 50 per cent chance that current economic reforms will fail”, calling into question the effectiveness of the existing policies. Analysts have since then predicted that Mr Lou may not keep his job for long, Dr Yuan added.

»Pushing for unpopular policies such as the introduction of property tax could also be behind Mr Lou’s abrupt departure. In July, at a meeting of the Group of 20 finance ministers in Chengdu, Mr Lou said he was determined to proceed with property tax reforms “without hesitation”.

»These are opposed by groups with vested interests that want to use land sales and the property market to drive short-term growth. His exit means he has lost the tug-of- war with these groups, say analysts.

»But Professor Cao Heping from Peking University’s School of Economics thinks his removal will help bring a whiff of fresh air to the stagnating reforms.

»Mr Lou is a technocrat groomed during a period of high growth in the 1990s to 2000s but “we are now in the age of rapid changes”, said Professor Cao. “His lack of innovative ideas has set the structural reforms back by at least nine months.”

»Mr Xiao, on the other hand, has technical expertise and experience in local government, which could help him have a more comprehensive overview of the Chinese economy, said Professor Cao.»





Innovation and ideas

2016/11/29

«Foreign Minister Wang Yi Talks about President Xi Jinping’s Visits to Ecuador, Peru and Chile and Attendance at the 24th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting»



Foreign Minister Wang Yi. Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China



«President Xi Jinping paid state visits to Ecuador, Peru and Chile and attended the 24th APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Economic Leaders’ Meeting held in Lima of Peru from November 17 to 23, 2016 local time. Upon the end of the trip, Foreign Minister Wang Yi briefed the press on the information of this trip.

»Wang Yi said that this trip is an important diplomatic action of China towards the Asia-Pacific and Latin America. The Asia-Pacific region is where we settle down and live as well as the foundation of our development and prosperity, while the Latin American region, though separated by oceans, is a “neighbor” with connected hearts of China. The goal of President Xi Jinping’s attendance at the APEC meeting is to jointly plan for the development blueprint of the Asia-Pacific, discuss the visions of the Asia-Pacific cooperation together and play a concerto of common prosperity of the Asia-Pacific region. The visits to the three Latin American countries focus on improving bilateral relations, leading China-Latin America overall cooperation and singing the melody of comprehensive development of China-Latin America relations. President Xi Jinping’s visits this time coordinate the general trend from both domestic and international perspectives, encompass the overall diplomatic layout, connect the Chinese Dream, the Latin American Dream and the Asia-Pacific Dream featuring mutual benefit and win-win results with bridges of cooperation, continue the new practice of forging the community of common destiny for mankind and write a new chapter of all-round diplomacy.

»During the visits, President Xi Jinping made extensive contacts with leaders of all countries and people from various circles, attended dozens of diplomatic events and held bilateral and multilateral activities on politics, economy and culture. Outstanding results have been achieved from the rich itinerary with varied highlights. The domestic and foreign communities attach high attention to the trip, believing that it will vigorously push forward cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region and China-Latin America relations as well as cast profound impact on world economic recovery and the evolution of international landscape.



»I. Lead the general direction of Asia-Pacific cooperation and boost regional economic integration

»Wang Yi said that the APEC meeting successfully held two years ago in Beijing by Yanqi Lake remains fresh in the international community’s memory. At present, the global economy and the Asia-Pacific economy are at the key stage of respective development. This year marks the 25th anniversary of China’s accession to the APEC. All parties hope that China can continuously play a leading role during the Lima Meeting. A series of important initiatives and proposals were put forward by President Xi Jinping at the meeting, injecting positive energy and making new contribution to Asia-Pacific cooperation as well as the development of the world economy.

»First, we have sent out the voice of the times in supporting economic globalization. Against the spread of the deglobalization trend and the rising protectionism, the development direction of the Asia-Pacific amid economic globalization has drawn attention from the world, especially China’s voice and role in it. President Xi Jinping explicitly pointed out that economic globalization is the irresistible general trend, while closed and exclusive arrangement is not the right choice. He stressed that we should promote the liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment, oppose any form of protectionism and pledge to the world with actions that the Asia-Pacific region will not change its determination and lose its confidence in economic globalization. Meanwhile, the Asia-Pacific should steer the process of economic globalization towards a more inclusive and mutually beneficial direction. The international public opinion holds that President Xi Jinping’s speech leads the tide of history and takes a clear-cut stand with firm voices, which shows China’s determination in safeguarding the development of world trade and globalization and plays an important role as the “standard setter”, thus becoming the real “leading role” at the meeting.

»Second, we have consolidated the forward momentum of the Free Trade Area of Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) construction. The FTAAP, as a major objective of regional economic integration, concerns the long-term development and prosperity for the Asia-Pacific region. The 2014 Beijing APEC Meeting made the historic decision to initiate the FTAAP process and adopted the Beijing Roadmap for APEC's Contribution to the Realization of the FTAAP. President Xi Jinping called on all parties at the Lima Meeting to, in the spirit of realizing the ultimate goal by following the blueprint, translate the consensus into practical and powerful actions to complete the FTAAP construction at an early date. Such gestures conform to the eager anticipation of all parties towards regional economic integration, promote practical actions and enhance the driving force of constantly advancing the FTAAP construction. Under the promotion of China, the Lima Meeting has approved the collective strategic study on the FTAAP, adopted the Lima Declaration on FTAAP, set the purposes and principles of the FTAAP construction, integrated all possible ways, made action plans in various fields and established a progress report mechanism, so that the FTAAP construction can eliminate interference from various sides and achieve important periodic progress.

»Third, we have put forward Chinese proposals for the Asia-Pacific development and cooperation. The tortuous recovery of the world economy from its profound adjustment transfers pressure to the Asia-Pacific, which also faces prominent problems including fragmentization of regional economic cooperation. Seizing up the situation, President Xi Jinping called on the Asia-Pacific members to take firm and coordinated actions, give play to its engine role, and push forward innovative, invigorated, interconnected and inclusive world economy. He proposed that the Asia-Pacific nations should promote an open and integrated economy, enhance connectivity to achieve interconnected development, boost reform and innovation to create more internal driving force, and promote win-win cooperation to forge strong partnership. On the basis of implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, President Xi Jinping put forward that all APEC members should take actions to jointly boost inclusive, green and interconnected development. With development as the principal axis, support from regional economic integration, connectivity, innovation and reform and protection from the Asia-Pacific partnership, all these initiatives form a medium and long-term cooperation framework for the APEC and draft a roadmap to the Asia-Pacific community.

»The series of important initiatives proposed by President Xi Jinping are not only the vigorous continuation of the outcomes of the Beijing Meeting, but in line with the consensus reached at the G20 Hangzhou Summit, which once again contributes Chinese wisdom to the Asia-Pacific region and world and embodies its sense of responsibility as a major country. All the initiatives are widely echoed by all sides at the meeting and the international community as well as play an important role in stabilizing people’s will, invigorating confidence and synergizing consensus. The Leaders’ Declaration of the meeting fully absorbs the spirit of President Xi Jinping’s speech, once again verifies the appeal of Chinese proposals and represents China’s influence and voice in global affairs.

»Wang Yi noted that the APEC meeting is also a vital platform for China to deepen bilateral relations with Asia-Pacific countries. During the meeting, President Xi Jinping met with President Barack Obama of the US. Both heads of state reviewed and summarized experience from the development of China-US relations in the past three-odd years and agreed to ensure the healthy and stable development of bilateral relations along the right track. This is an important meeting that serves as a link between the past and future for the two heads of state, which will exert positive significance in realizing the smooth transition of and constantly achieving new progress in China-US relations.

»The Chinese and Russian heads of state continued the tradition of meeting each other at important multilateral occasions. They held their fifth meeting within this year during the Lima Meeting. President Xi Jinping and President Vladimir Putin summed up the outcomes of China-Russia cooperation, planned the development of bilateral relations in the next year, and agreed to maintain the momentum of close high-level exchanges, launch cooperation in the integration of the two countries’ development strategies as well as docking between the “Belt and Road” construction and the Eurasian Economic Union construction, further intensify coordination and cooperation in international affairs and give play to the stabilizing role of strategic coordination in a bid to jointly safeguard international fairness and justice.

»President Xi Jinping also met with President Tran Dai Quang of Viet Nam, President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines and President Juan Manuel Santos of Colombia respectively and conducted extensive communication with other attending leaders. During his technical stops on the Sardinia Island and the Gran Canaria Island, President Xi Jining also met respectively with Prime Minister Matteo Renzi of Italy and Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria of Spain, who specially came to meet him, exchanging views on further deepening bilateral relations.



President Xi Jinping explained the five notions of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development and pointed out that China will focus on advancing the supply-side structural reform, innovative development, high-level and two-way opening up, and shared and green development, so as to ensure the stable and healthy development of China's economy.

»II. Improve the layout of China-Latin America cooperation and guide the construction of a community of common destiny

»In recent years, China and Latin America have established a comprehensive cooperative partnership featuring equality, mutual benefit and common development, and established the Forum of China and the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). Bilateral relations have achieved leapfrog development and cooperation between both countries in various fields has been comprehensively promoted. President Xi Jinping’s visit this time has planned the development of China-Latin America relations and elevated bilateral cooperation to a new high, thus becoming a new historical starting point of building China-Latin America community of common destiny.

»The consensus between China and Latin America in forging ahead hand in hand has been cemented. The three visits of President Xi Jinping to Latin America in 4 years embody China's great emphasis to the region. During his visit this time, President Xi Jinping delivered an important speech towards the whole Latin American continent at the Peruvian Congress, comprehensively expounding China's policies towards Latin America, encouraging both sides to view bilateral relations from a strategic and long-term perspective and further expanding the strategic consensus of both sides. President Xi Jinping proposed that China and Latin America should hold high the banner of peaceful development and cooperation, promote the docking of development strategies, speed up cooperation, and share cooperation achievements so as to join hands to well build the ship of China-Latin America community of common destiny, as well as lead bilateral friendship into a new voyage. These initiatives and the goal of building up a Five-in-One new pattern of China-Latin America relations make each other possible, point out the path of forging a China-Latin America community of common destiny and create broader prospects for the development of bilateral relations. People in Latin America said that when dealing with Latin America, China treats the region with equality, timely help and trustworthiness. China is a cooperation partner with heartfelt connection to the Latin America. China and Latin America share similar dreams and aspirations in pursuing national and ethnic development, realizing international fairness and justice as well as other aspects. Both sides should always be good brothers, good partners, and good friends on their way of pursuing dreams.

»The structure of China-Latin America cooperation upgrade is more complete. President Xi Jinping proposed that China and Latin America should, within the new framework of "1+3+6" pragmatic cooperation, stimulate new growth through trade, promote new development by investment, provide new support with financial cooperation, foster new impetus by industrial alignment and create new opportunities by overall cooperation, so as to resolutely promote the development of the China-CELAC Forum and strengthen cooperation with different sub-regional organizations in Latin America and the Caribbean. While promoting the docking of development strategies of China and Latin America, both sides should integrate China-Latin America cooperation with international and regional cooperation. These ideas, which combine with respective development advantages and demands and conform to the trend of regional economic integration, will enable both sides to achieve mutual benefit and win-win results in a wider range and at higher and deeper levels.

»The connection between the two peoples’ hearts is closer. “Distance cannot separate true friends who feel so close even when they are thousands of miles apart". As President Xi Jinping says, both China and Latin America enjoy time-honored history and splendid cultures, once suffered from foreign intrusion and social unrest, and are committed to the great causes of developing economy and improving people’s livelihood. Both sides enjoy a natural sense of closeness and identity. During his visit to each Latin American country, President Xi Jinping paid tribute to monuments commemorating national independence movement. When attending the closing ceremony of the China-Latin American Cultural Exchange Year and the opening ceremony of the China-Latin America Media Leaders Summit, President Xi Jinping encouraged both sides to deepen cultural dialogues and media exchanges. By telling moving stories about China-Latin America friendly relations and quoting literary works, proverbs and allusions that are well-known to the Latin American people, President Xi Jinping pulled the hearts of the two peoples closer.

»Wang Yi said that the clear message of President Xi Jinping’s visit to Latin America this time is that despite the turbulent international and regional situations, China's confidence in the future of Latin America's development, the pattern of being each other’s opportunities as well as China’s policy of enhancing cooperation in various fields with Latin America have not changed. China-Latin America cooperation is not only at its prime, but also boasts promising prospects and great potential.



»III. Deepen relations with visiting countries and upgrade cooperation in various fields

»Wang Yi said that Ecuador, Peru and Chile are all at the critical stage of national development, share strong willingness of deepening relations with China and have invited President Xi Jinping to visit for several times. As President Xi Jinping's first visits to Peru and Chile in his tenure and the first visit to Ecuador paid by a Chinese President, these visits have become a grand historic event in bilateral relations. President Xi Jinping has reached important consensus with leaders of the three countries on consolidating traditional friendship, enhancing political mutual trust and expanding mutually beneficial cooperation, which has ushered the development of bilateral relations into a new period and played a demonstration role in the development of China-Latin America relations.

»Bilateral relations have reached a new level. During the visits, China has lifted its bilateral relations with Ecuador and Chile to comprehensive strategic partnerships, which sends the strong signal of deepening mutual trust and joining efforts and further improves the partnership network of China in Latin America. This year marks the 45th anniversary of the establishment of China-Peru diplomatic relations, and both heads of state have exchanged visits in over 2 months, showing a high-level comprehensive strategic partnership. China and Peru signed the 2016-2021 joint action plan. Working in concert with the joint statement on deepening China-Peru comprehensive strategic partnership issued this September by both sides, it has become the guideline for the development of bilateral relations and practical cooperation in the next stage.

»Practical friendly cooperation has yielded new and fruitful results. China has signed agreements on enhancing cooperation in production capacity and investment with Ecuador and Peru respectively, which will help Latin American countries speed up their industrialization process and achieve diverse development. China has signed memorandums of understanding on strategic alignment with Peru and Chile to substantially expand the width and depth of cooperation. China respectively launched joint feasibility study and negotiations on the upgrade of free trade agreement with Peru and Chile, injecting new impetus into bilateral economic and trade cooperation. China signed over 40 bilateral cooperation documents with the three countries, covering a wide range of areas including economy, trade, finance, energy, industrial park, infrastructure, agriculture, environmental protection and people-to-people and cultural exchanges, which will bring more tangible benefits to enterprises and peoples of China and Latin America.

»When a massive earthquake struck Ecuador this April, the Chinese side has offered assistance at the earliest time possible in spite of the geographic distance, portraying an authentic reflection of mutual support and assistance between the two peoples. During his visit to Ecuador, President Xi Jinping attended the inauguration ceremony of landmark China-Ecuador cooperation projects, which demonstrates that China will continue to actively participate in the post-earthquake reconstruction of Ecuador and shows China's responsible figure of upholding the correct viewpoint of righteousness and benefit.

»Coordination in multilateral areas has embraced new opportunities. All three countries are representative Latin American countries. Peru has hosted the APEC meeting again after 8 years. Next year, Ecuador will take over the rotating presidency of the Group 77, and Chile will prepare for the 2nd Ministerial Meeting of the China-CELAC Forum to be held at the beginning of 2018. China agreed to enhance communication and coordination with these three countries within multilateral mechanisms on major issues including global economic governance, Asia-Pacific cooperation and sustainable development, and jointly advance bilateral overall cooperation and China-CELAC Forum construction, so as to better safeguard the common interests of emerging economies and developing countries.

»Wang Yi said that all three countries paid high attention to and received President Xi Jinping’s visits with high standards. President Rafael Correa broke years of customs of Ecuador by welcoming and seeing off President Xi Jinping at the airport. After presiding over the APEC meeting, President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski of Peru received President Xi Jinping's visit despite his tight schedule, and saw him off at the airport personally. The Congress of Peru conferred President Xi Jinping the "Grand-Cross Medal of Honor", and President Michelle Bachelet of Chile accompanied President Xi Jinping to attend relevant activities throughout the whole journey. Along the way, warm and grand welcoming ceremonies came one after another and enthusiastic and friendly welcoming crowd could be found everywhere. All these show that friendship with China has taken deeper roots in Latin America and cooperation with China has become the broad consensus and strategic choice transcending nationalities, political parties and groups as well as social levels.



»IV. Expound China's development ideas and reveal a confident and inclusive mindset

»As China has walked to the center of the global arena, the international community, including Asia-Pacific and Latin America, cares and studies China's development path, policies, and ideas. China needs more understanding and support from all sides to achieve smooth development, the "two centenary goals" and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

»We have incisively expounded strategies of state governance and administration to earn more recognition for China's development path. During the visit, President Xi Jinping deeply exchanged experience on China's reform and opening up with people of various countries and clearly pointed out that such development of China can be attributed to the adherence to the leadership of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics. President Xi Jinping introduced the “Four-Pronged Comprehensive Strategy” to all sides, interpreted the spirit of the sixth plenary session of the 18th CPC Central Committee and stressed the determination of tightening party discipline. President Xi Jinping fully showed China's confidence in its path, theory, system and culture in speeches and talks. Relevant state leaders were deeply inspired and spoke highly of China's development achievements.

»We have emphatically introduced reform and development measures to gain more confidence in China's development prospects. President Xi Jinping explained the five notions of innovative, coordinated, green, open and shared development and pointed out that China will focus on advancing the supply-side structural reform, innovative development, high-level and two-way opening up, and shared and green development, so as to ensure the stable and healthy development of China's economy. In response to concerns from the international community on China’s economy, President Xi Jinping elaborated the resilience, potential and prospects of the Chinese economy under the "new normal" with facts and data. He also introduced the remarkable results achieved from the comprehensive deepening of reform, especially the successful opening of the 13th Five-Year Plan, which has effectively boosted the confidence of all sides in China's economy.

»We have vividly expounded the concept of openness and inclusiveness to get high expectations on China's development opportunities. President Xi Jinping explained in depth that China’s development and world development offer opportunities to each other. He pointed out that China's development will provide the world a broader market, more abundant capital, richer products, and more precious cooperation opportunities, and China welcomes all countries to hitch China’s development ride. By referring to the growth features of sweet potato, President Xi Jinping expressed that China, with its root in the Asia-Pacific, will continue to contribute to its development and prosperity. President Xi Jinping elaborated the significance of connectivity construction to win-win results and shared development by combining the “Belt and Road” initiative, and proposed to build a multi-dimensional connectivity network that covers the Asia-Pacific, raising greater enthusiasm from all parties including Latin America to participate in connectivity cooperation.

»During the visit, Mme. Peng Liyuan, wife of President Xi Jinping attended the activities hosted for the spouses of APEC leaders and visited local schools and museums to enhance understanding of all other sides on China and promote people-to-people and cultural exchanges between China and other countries, showcasing China's friendly and amicable image.

»Wang Yi concluded that since the beginning of this year, under the leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, China’s diplomacy has served the deepening of domestic reform and the expansion of opening up, fulfilled the duties of safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development benefits and played its role in promoting world peace and development, achieving a series of new outcomes. When chairing the G20 Hangzhou Summit, which is the most important home field diplomacy of China in 2016, President Xi Jinping has charted the course for the world economy and international cooperation as well as opened up a new era of China’s participation in global governance. President Xi Jinping has actively promoted the development of state relations featuring mutual benefit and win-win results with other countries. His five visits in 2016, which are pragmatic and efficient and cover the region with several points, further improve the overall layout of China's diplomacy, effectively push forward the “Belt and Road” construction and create a new pattern of major-country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics. Focusing on global politics, economy, security and other issues, President Xi Jinping proposed a series of important initiatives and proposals at various international occasions, causing a wide resonance and endowing new connotations to China's diplomatic concepts. The Chinese nation has never been so close to the realization of the great rejuvenation as it is now and China’s diplomacy has never faced such a great stage. We must earnestly study and implement President Xi Jinping's diplomatic notions and practices, keep the original intention in mind and endeavor to forge ahead so as to create a better external environment for domestic development as well as make greater contributions to the cause of world peace and development.»





Innovation and discourses

2016/11/28

Newsletter L&I, n.º 127 (2016-11-28)




n.º 127 (2016-11-28)

TAGS: # formação continua # formación continua # formation continuée # continuous formation
L&I MEDIA
L&I SCHOLAR
L&I BLOG



Index


Liderar Inovando BR
Discursos e inovação | Ideias e inovação | Invenções e inovação | Recursos e inovação

Jacob Palis: «Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação podem ajudar o país a sair do atual cenário de crise» [link]

Daniel Jugend: «A menor dependência do mercado interno teria mitigado os efeitos da crise?» [link]

«Ouro russo na Olimpíada das invenções» [link]

«Futuro promissor» [link]


Liderar Inovando PT
Discursos e inovação | Ideias e inovação | Invenções e inovação | Recursos e inovação

António José Araújo: «Eu sou certificado, e tu?» [link]

Rui da Rocha Ferreira: «A/C Elon Musk: Cinco razões para Portugal receber a fábrica europeia da Tesla» [link]

«UA 40 Anos, 40 inventores, 40 Empreendedores» [link]

«Discurso proferido por Pedro Pires ao receber o título de Doutor Honoris Causa» [link]


Liderar Innovando ES
Discursos e innovación | Ideas e innovación | Inventos e innovación | Recursos e innovación

Dulce Subirats: «La promoción interna en España es una asignatura pendiente» [link]

«José Antonio Pérez Zaballos, director general de Tommy Mel’s: “Las cadenas forman parte de nuestra sociedad”» [link]

Miguel Ángel Oeste: «¿Son tan malas las series españolas?» [link]

«Argo Tractors continúa sus inversiones en innovación y en la creación de un nuevo Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo» [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR
Discourses et innovation | Idées et innovation | Inventions et innovation | Ressources et innovation

Daouda Ndiaye: «De la culture dans la prison, de la prison dans notre culture» [link]

Gilles Babinet: «Pour une refonte de notre formation professionnelle» [link]

Luc Ferry: «Nous entrons dans un supercapitalisme ultra-schumpétérien» [link]

«Trois stratégies de l’agroalimentaire… et leurs limites» [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN
Discourses and innovation | Ideas and innovation | Inventions and innovation | Resources and innovation

Steve Denning: «Will Trump Discover Why So Many Americans Were Left Behind?» [link]

«Dubai Land Department (DLD) (@Land_Department) Joins UAE Innovation Week by Highlighting its Outstanding Smart Initiatives» [link]

«Amanda Caples: “Innovation as the new norm. The importance of defining 'innovation' to driving economic outcomes”» [link]

«A hand up rather than hand-out» [link]



L&I Media

Liderar Inovando BR – Media

«Nova Zelândia lidera lista de países com clima empresarial mais favorável», Alfonso Fernández, @UOLEconomia [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Media

«A BGuest, a Climber, a Infraspeak, a TeamOutLoud e a VPS são as cinco start-ups portuguesas da hotelaria que decidiram juntar-se para criar o consórcio Hotel-Up», i9 magazine [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Media

«La exploradora del talento ajeno. “¡El maestro es el cliente! Aprender descubriendo”. Este es uno de los lemas favoritos de la psicóloga chicharrera Rosa Elvira González (@rosaelviraglezp)» [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Media

«Comment Nice se renforce dans la santé», Laurence Bottero (@l_bottero), @LaTribunePACA [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Media

«Europe’s innovation culture: which countries rank best?» Tom Wadlow (@TomWadlowBRE), Business Review Europe magazine (@BizReviewEurope) [link]



L&I Scholar

Liderar Inovando BR – Scholar

«As Práticas Gerenciais Adotadas nas Empresas Líderes em Inovação para Promover o Empreendedorismo Corporativo», Viana & Santos [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Scholar

«Enquanto líder, facilita a inovação? Há 6 regras com as quais não falha», Samuel B. Bacharach (@samuelbacharach), @PLideranca [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Scholar

«Las redes sociales, la confianza y los líderes de las escuelas de distrito urbanas», Daly & Finnigan, @FaculEDUAM [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Scholar

«Recherche et innovation à Amadeus», Lardeux & Salch, ROADEF #36 @roadef [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Scholar

«Toward Culturally Sustaining Leadership: Innovation beyond ‘School Improvement’ Promoting Equity in Diverse Contexts» [link]



L&I Blog

Liderar Inovando BR – Blog

«Cuidado com as inovações de curto prazo. “O maior problema é quando o imediatismo se torna doença e compromete totalmente o planejamento”, explica Luiz Serafim, Head de Marketing Corporativo da 3M no livro “O poder da inovação”», @3MdoBrasil, @admnews [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Blog

«Quatro princípios para liderar na Indústria 4.0» Portal da Liderança (@PLideranca) [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Blog

«La participación: tendencia empresarial en las nuevas organizaciones», Ricardo Pedroza (@redhatcolombia @redhatla @RedHatNews) [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Blog

«Ressources humaines, innovation et transformation digitale : le cas Crédit Agricole SA» [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Blog

«Accelerating Innovation with Leadership», Bill Gates (@billgates), Gates Notes [link]




Licencia Creative Commons Licencia Creative Commons
Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional





Newsletter L&I, n.º 125 (2016-10-31 / 2016-11-14)






Newsletter L&I, n.º 125
(2016-10-31 / 2016-11-14)

TAG: # associações # asociaciones # associations

NÚMERO ESPECIAL Liderar Inovando BR | Liderar Inovando PT | Liderar Innovando ES | Mener avec Innovation FR | Leadership & Innovation EN | Mendikatea | Al aire de la Red | Plaka logika



«Se quer ir rápido, vá sozinho. Se quer ir longe, vá em grupo.» (Provérbio africano BR) (I) [link]


«If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.» (African proverb) (I) [link]


«Si quieres ir rápido, camina solo. Si quieres llegar lejos, ve acompañado.» (Proverbio africano) (I) [link]


«Si vous voulez aller vite, allez-y seul. Si vous voulez aller loin, allez-y ensemble.» (Proverbe africain) (I) [link]


«Se quer ir rápido, vá sozinho. Se quer ir longe, vá em grupo.» (Provérbio africano PT) (I) [link]


Montañas que reúnen (I) [link]


Uniones por el aire (I) [link]


Asociaciones (Logística de intangibles) (I) [link]






2016/11/25

«A hand up rather than hand-out»



Francis Kan. Business Times



«Sophisticated philanthropists are upping their efforts to boost their impact on education in the region.

»Philantropic foundations in Asia are going beyond mere giving and are introducing innovative methods to improve education in the region. This is significant as a vast body of evidence shows that education is the best way to help the least privileged in society.

»In south India, the Azim Premji Foundation introduced a combination of traditional Indian teaching and the Montessori educational approach to great acclaim.

»Reflecting its success, the scheme has since been introduced to other schools in the state, revealed KR Lakshminarayana, the foundation's chief endowment officer. He was speaking on a panel on educational giving at the Credit Suisse Philanthropists Forum 2016.

»In another initiative, the foundation experimented with a syllabus that moved from a single written exam to a system of “continuous and comprehensive evaluation over the entire year”. This initiative, too, has been adopted by various states in India, said Mr Lakshminarayana.

»“The most important thing for us is to work with the government. The philanthropist cannot replace the resources and the credibility that the government has,” he said.

There should be a replacement of the income that the kids would have been making and contributing to the family. We need to use financial inclusion activity to enable education for the poor.

»Another foundation, meanwhile, hopes to spur others to develop innovations that can have a meaningful impact on education. The Yidan Prize Foundation was established by Charles Chen Yidan - a co-founder of Chinese Internet giant Tencent - and aims to create a better world through education.

»The Yidan Prize consists of two awards: Yidan Prize for Education Research and Yidan Prize for Education Development.

»“We want innovation that can have a positive impact. We believe that innovation can come from research and from practice,” said Clive Lee, chief executive of the Yidan Prize Foundation, who was also on the panel.

»A third panellist, Veronica Colondam, the founder of Indonesia's YCAB Foundation, is using an innovative micro-finance scheme as a means to encourage mothers to send their kids to school.

»She said: “There should be a replacement of the income that the kids would have been making and contributing to the family. We need to use financial inclusion activity to enable education for the poor.”»





Innovation and resources

2016/11/24

«Amanda Caples: “Innovation as the new norm. The importance of defining 'innovation' to driving economic outcomes”»



InnovationAus.com (@Innov_Aus)



«Start thinking ‘innovation as usual’ as the norm rather than the exception, and expressing innovation in terms of the business rather than the system.

»That’s the mind-set Victoria’s Lead Scientist Professor Amanda Caples wants compatriots to adopt for the state to get ahead, driving jobs growth and attracting new investments into the future.

»Victoria has been working on various innovation agendas for the last 15 to 20 years. Although innovation and technology have been a centrepiece of Australian governments’ narrative for economic growth, achieving an innovative mindset have been a bit hit-and-miss.

»Professor Caples says it is necessary to first establish what ‘innovation’ means because the term is either misunderstood or interpreted differently depending on who you talk to.

»“When it comes to innovation policy, we collectively – governments, industry and the general public – operate on different wavelengths,” she said.

»“Think back over the past two decades with both federal and state policy statements heavily oriented toward support of the innovation ecosystem and knowledge creation,” Prof Caples said.

»“While this is a globally well-accepted policy position, the unfortunate and unintended effect of this has been that public perception is that innovation equals science and/or invention.” And that’s not the case.

»“What I am certain about is there needs to be a common understanding of innovation.”

»Professor Caples defines innovation as a set of behaviours or reactions to improve outcomes for customers.

»Just like in a business context, the organisation that successfully embraces innovation will ensure it evolves and grows, as circumstances around the organisation change—internally and externally.

»“It’s not a single one-off activity, but a continuous feedback loop,” she said.

»“We have been focusing a lot on the activities and getting things done, but we should also not lose sight of the big picture; That is, why are we doing this? Once you have that understanding, it crystalises the purpose.”

»Having those insights and background will help the community to appreciate the enormous focus and efforts behind the innovation agenda—which is essentially to secure economic success and create jobs.

»Professor Caples’ role as Lead Scientist is to address structural adjustment of the Victorian economy and to drive the growth of future industries including start-ups, through the development of industry, innovation and science policies.

»With the renewed push towards innovation, there is more ground to cover. And Professor Caples is excited to be in the driving seat and playing such a pivotal role in shaping the state’s future.

»Victoria’s $200 million Future Industries Fund launched in March this year zooms in on industry sectors that have the potential to drive job growth and attract investment.

»These sectors include Medical Technologies and Pharmaceuticals, New Energy Technology, Food and Fibre, Transport Technologies, Defence, Construction Technologies, International Education, and Professional Services.

»By capitalising on its key capabilities and industry expertise, Victoria has chalked some big wins.

»Earlier this month, Victoria’s Industry and Employment Minister Wade Noonan launched a Monash University-based Food Innovation Centre, a one-stop shop for food and fibre businesses to access world-class product and packaging design and development services, sensory evaluation, consumer testing, visualisation, and research laboratories.

»The Andrews Government has set aside $2.5 million over three years to fund the expansion of the centre at Monash, which aims to open new pathways to Asian markets for Victorian food businesses.

»In particular it will provide insights into Chinese consumer needs, regulatory requirements and better access to platforms to fast track export opportunities, as part of its emerging collaboration with China-based COFCO Group.

»Another recent success has been in the medical and pharmaceuticals sector; a joint venture BioCurate between University of Melbourne and Monash University, which was supported by the state government.

»This $80 million enterprise aims to help new discoveries translate successfully into early commercialisation backed by necessary expertise and funding. This is not as straight-forward as it sounds.

»The joint-venture will unlock the combined exceptional biomedical research strengths in Melbourne, accelerating new discoveries into new medicines and conferring huge potential health and economic benefits to both Victoria and Australia.

Start thinking ‘innovation as usual’ as the norm rather than the exception, and expressing innovation in terms of the business rather than the system. That’s the mind-set Victoria’s Lead Scientist Professor Amanda Caples wants compatriots to adopt for the state to get ahead, driving jobs growth and attracting new investments into the future. Victoria has been working on various innovation agendas for the last 15 to 20 years.

»While Victoria’s innovation agenda is headed in the right direction, these successes highlight the importance of collaboration across disciplines and governments.

»Professor Caples cited the example of a carbon fibre pilot plant Carbon Nexus, which the Victorian and Commonwealth government have been working on together since late 2000.

»The research facility, owned and operated by Deakin University, explores low-cost, high-performing carbon fibre materials that are lighter, stronger, cheaper and much faster to produce.

»These materials are increasingly being used in many industries, such as aerospace, automotive, oil and gas, clean energy and sporting goods, replacing traditional materials such as steel and aluminium.

»“Over the last six years, the facility has received $103 million in funding from Victoria and Australia governments to help research carbon fibre materials. We contributed the machine while the Commonwealth government contributed the infrastructure around the machine,” said Professor Caples.

»Research into fibres, polymers, composites and textiles is carried out as part of the Australian Future Fibres Research and Innovation Centre (AFFRIC), which is a $103 million initiative supported by the Victorian and Australian governments.

»Formed in 2013, AFFRIC is a collaboration between Deakin University, CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering and the Victorian Centre for Advanced Materials Manufacturing (VCAMM).

»It increases the research capacity of CSIRO and Deakin to service the fibre, textile, composite, automotive and aerospace industries. AFFRIC also assists in the translation of research into end-user applications.

»When Carbon Nexus finally opened its doors to the world in 2014, it attracted a $23.8 million investment and created 150 jobs at its Carbon Revolution wheel production facility.

»“Individual companies couldn’t invest in carbon fibre manufacturing because they don’t have the means. This is a great example of governments working together to invest in a facility for SMEs to access these infrastructures, services, as well as the knowledge that is created around the facility. And that led to an establishment of new cluster of companies around the facility that is growing jobs in Victoria.”

»Professor Caples is certain that Carbon Nexus is an emerging success story as Geelong continues to gain recognition as Australia’s ‘carbon valley’ and attract world-leading carbon fibre stakeholders.

»“The dry economists argue that competition should be sufficient to stimulate innovation behaviour. I say that competition is necessary but not sufficient,” she said.

»“Collaboration with other disciplines is required to yield real outcomes. While collaboration is readily achievable within an organisation, it is somewhat more challenging between organisations, particularly between business and publicly funded research organisations.

»“We need to collectively work on a collaboration policy.”

»With efforts around a collaboration policy well underway, it would be fair to say that Victoria too is an emerging success story itself.»





Innovation et inventions

2016/11/23

«Dubai Land Department (DLD) (@Land_Department) Joins UAE Innovation Week by Highlighting its Outstanding Smart Initiatives»



Government of Dubai Media Office @DXBMediaOffice. #UAEInnovationWeek



«Dubai Land Department (DLD) have announced its participation in UAE Innovation Week, held 20th-26th November under the ’UAE Innovates’ theme. DLD’s Department of Strategic Creativity and Innovation, a subdivision of the Department of Planning and Corporate Communications, will organise many events and programmes during the week in order to highlight the most important innovations carried out by DLD over the course of the year.

»HE Sultan Butti Bin Mejren, Director General of DLD said: “As part of our commitment to the Directives of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai, we are delighted to participate alongside other government institutions for UAE Innovation Week. This event will provide a celebration of the state-of-the-art developments that DLD has created over the whole year, in order to establish a culture of innovation at the heart of everything we do, and will serve to honour the pioneering efforts from our team.”

»Bin Mejren added: “The department has succeeded in creating an integrated system of innovative applications and services, many of which are unique to the UAE and the region, with global precedents achieved for many our advanced products and services. Through this participation in UAE Innovation Week we will uncover more innovations that will further Dubai’s progression, and put it on a new path of sustainable development that will contribute towards the happiness of everyone in the Emirate.”

»Amongst the events that have been planned, there will be a ‘formation of the Innovation Council’ for promising young DLD employees, in order to implant in them a culture of creativity, innovation and management.

Dubai Land Department (DLD) showcase a number of innovative achievements and invites its partners to participate in joint brainstorming sessions. Amongst the events that have been planned, there will be a ‘formation of the Innovation Council’ for promising young DLD employees, in order to implant in them a culture of creativity, innovation and management.

»DLD is also planning an ‘Innovation Breakfast - the integration of joint innovation’, to be held at the Dubai Real Estate Institute Theatre on 23rd November - the purpose of which is to work with DLD partners on innovation. This event will also include a brainstorming session with the partners to discuss challenges, solutions and opportunities, and produce recommendations for an integrated approach to joint innovation.

»Bin Mejren concluded: “We are pleased to invite all partners working in the real estate sector to participate in brainstorming sessions, and propose ground-breaking ideas that will help us to develop a number of pioneering services for our customers, all aimed at ensuring their comfort and improving our performance. This initiative forms just part of our continuous efforts to achieve improvement, not only through the employment of the latest smart technologies, but also through smart applications and solutions that are specifically designed to serve our real estate market and region in general. In this way, Dubai will remain amongst the foremost destinations for real estate investment in the world”.

»During Innovation Week, DLD will hold an exhibition to showcase its innovative services, which will be held on the ground floor inside DLD’s main building. Over the course of five days during the period 20th - 24th November, all of the Department’s employees and customers will be provided the opportunity to visit the exhibition and discover the latest services, with an exhibition that will include the film ‘Innovation Between Past and Present’ which will outline the evolution of Tabu’s services from paper to modern smart services.

»Amongst the other initiatives that will be highlighted in the exhibition will be a ‘search by voice’ feature for the Smart Investment Map, Smart Judge application, Dubai Brokers and Smart Payment Service. The exhibition will also encompass a library of books across the key areas of creativity and innovation, as well as the virtual MBR Smart Majlis website and app, which invites the public to submit their innovative ideas.»





Innovation and ideas

2016/11/22

Steve Denning: «Will Trump Discover Why So Many Americans Were Left Behind?»



Steve Denning (@stevedenning), Forbes. Photo by Jessica Kourkounis/Getty Images.



«In the first part of this article, “The Five Whys Of The Trump Surprise,” I argued that the root cause of Donald Trump’s surprise win in the presidential election was economic: too many Americans – particularly white Americans in rural areas – have been left behind and so they registered a protest vote.

»As people lose hope of a better future, people resort to desperate measures, like electing a president who is woefully deficient in experience and temperament—or voting for Brexit, as in the U.K. “An economic system that doesn’t ‘deliver’ for large parts of the population,” as Nobel-Prize winning economist, Joseph Stiglitz, argues, “is a failed economic system.” Unless and until the system can be fixed, the populace will attempt ever more desperate measures. In effect, the Trump surprise win is a symptom of the social fabric unraveling.

»Given Trump’s embryonic familiarity with economics, his presidency offers only modest prospects of being able to fix the economic system. In May 2016, for instance, Trump claimed in a regrettably sexual image that “America could not continue to allow China to rape our country.” To great applause from his supporters, Trump repeatedly accused China of manipulating its currency to make its exports more competitive on the global market. Trump and his supporters seemed blissfully unaware that the situation is the exact opposite of what he was suggesting. China is currently doing its utmost to manage its currency higher, not lower.

»The fact that Trump managed to have an apparently civil conversation with the Chinese leader on Sunday might imply either that he has learned something since May, or that it was “teleprompter Trump” who was doing the talking. Whichever it is, there is much more that Trump will have to learn if he is fix the economic system.


»What Will The Trump Administration Do?

»Given that Trump himself didn’t expect to win, and apparently spent no time planning what he would do if he did win, it is hard to know exactly what to expect from the Trump administration. As the cast of characters who will figure in the administration increasingly appears to include a ragtag bunch of lobbyists, political consultants and Washington insiders, the likelihood of his administration being co-opted by “the elites in Washington” that he railed against in the campaign grows ever higher.

»One possible outcome is that his administration will implement the standard Republican obsessions: repeal of Obamacare, removal of financial sector protections, tax cuts for the wealthy and cutbacks or privatization of social benefits. If this happens, the situation of those who have been left behind is likely to become steadily worse not better, and more social upheaval will follow.


»Let’s All Blame Trade Agreements

»Nevertheless with alt-right advocate, Steve Bannon, ensconced at Trump’s right hand as his chief strategist, Trump is unlikely to entirely forget that he spent his entire campaign railing against trade agreements. This is the fundamental reason why both Trump and Sanders could draw huge crowds and enjoy cheers for their explanations of how “the system is rigged.”

»The message resonated on a wide bipartisan basis, essentially because voters could see the evidence for it with their own eyes and from their own experience—something serious is amiss, even if they couldn’t figure out exactly how it happened or how to fix it.

»Although there was much talk during—and after—the presidential election of the country being hopelessly divided in a 50:50 split, this is an issue on which there is a broad popular consensus. The very thing all the leading presidential candidates of both parties agreed was bad is the one thing mainstream economists agree is good: international trade agreements.

»Donald Trump said he would renegotiate trade deals and impose tariffs. Ted Cruz opposed even negotiating them. Bernie Sanders repeatedly condemned them. Hillary Clinton, who used to support them, said she no longer did without stronger protections. The presidential candidates were thus seemingly at odds with a fundamental principle of mainstream economic theory: the overwhelming win-win benefits of free trade.

»Yet economic theory is no match for social reality. Politicians and voters were responding to the obvious loss of manufacturing jobs. They could see that factories are closed, jobs are lost, and even entire industries that were invented in this country have disappeared and whole regions have been devastated. The Rust Belt is not just an economic model. The record shows that trade agreements like NAFTA were launched with an explicit promise of creating jobs. Instead hundreds of thousands of jobs evaporated. Why?


»Economists In Denial

»Economists at the liberal-leaning Economic Policy Institute have long pointed to the negative effects of free trade, with massive loss of jobs to Mexico and China.

»Yet conservative-leaning economists have questioned this interpretation of the evidence and offer an energetic defense of free trade. “Imports mean lost jobs only if we pretend we can make here all the things we import, the same way and for the same price,” Derek M. Scissors, a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute, told the Washington Post. “We could just build all the flat-screen TV’s here; the price wouldn’t soar, demand wouldn’t plummet, the industry wouldn’t contract sharply, and all those jobs would somehow be preserved, even though they’d cost seven times as much per worker here as in China.” In effect, the complaint against trade is a fantasy. No one wants the price of a television to increase seven-fold. Trade generates massive benefits for almost everyone.


»Mainstream Economists Now Admit There’s A Problem

»“Almost everyone,” yes, but, as it happens, not everyone. Even some mainstream economists now admit that that “almost” is a much bigger issue than was predicted.

»Celebrated labor economists David Autor, David Dorn and Gordon Hanson, published a study earlier this year, “The China Shock: Learning from Labor Market Adjustment to Large Changes in Trade.” It confirmed what the huge crowds attracted by Trump and Sanders could see with their own eyes: increased trade with China did cause severe and long-term harm to many American workers:

»“Adjustment in local labor markets is remarkably slow, with wages and labor-force participation rates remaining depressed and unemployment rates remaining elevated for at least a full decade after the China trade shock commences. Exposed workers experience greater job churning and reduced lifetime income. At the national level, employment has fallen in U.S. industries more exposed to import competition…but offsetting employment gains in other industries have yet to materialize.”

»The study shows that the affected industries and regions “have been hit hard and have not recovered. Workers in these industries and regions don’t go on to better jobs, or even similar jobs in different industries. Instead, they shuffle from low-paid job to low-paid job, never recovering the prosperity they had before Chinese competition hit. Many of them end up on welfare. This is very different from earlier decades, when workers who lost their jobs to import competition usually went into higher-productivity industries, to the benefit of almost everyone.”

»The study criticizes fellow economists for relying too much on theory, and not enough on evidence:

»“We argue that having failed to anticipate how significant the dislocations from trade might be, it is incumbent on the economics literature to more convincingly estimate gains from trade, such that the case for free trade is not based on theory alone, but on a foundation of evidence.”

»Autor and his fellow authors are suggesting that something else must be going on. But what?

»Why didn’t the private sector respond to the challenge and create new industries and new jobs as they had in the past? On this issue, Autor and his economist colleagues are silent. That’s because the answer doesn’t lie in economics.


»An Alternative Explanation: Loss Of U.S. Competitiveness

»An obvious explanation is that documented by another branch of mainstream academia: Harvard Businesss School. It’s a report that was written by three distinguished professors—Michael Porter, Jan Rivkin and Rosabeth Moss Kanter—as part of an initiative begun in 2011. Their thesis is that, with some important exception, America’s private sector has been losing the ability to compete in the international marketplace.

»“There was a clear feeling that something different was happening in the U.S. economy,” Professor Porter explains. “Virtually all the net new jobs created over the last decade were in local businesses—government, healthcare, retailing—not exposed to international competition. That was a sign that the U.S. businesses were losing the ability compete internationally.”

»The report shows how it happened. “The basic narrative begins in the late 1970s and the 1980s. Through globalization, it became possible and attractive for firms to do business in, to, and from far more countries. Changes in corporate governance and compensation caused U.S. managers to adopt an approach to management that focused attention on the stock price and short-term performance.”

»As a result, “firms invested less in shared resources such as pools of skilled labor, supplier networks, an educated populace, and the physical and technical infrastructure on which U.S. competitiveness ultimately depends.”

»These management actions in turn gave rise to “serious social problems (loss of jobs, stagnating income, growing inequality) and eventually a decline of the public sector (an inability to fund health and pensions, or investments in ‘the commons’ such as infrastructure, training, education, and basic research, fields that the private sector had abandoned.)”


“Changes in corporate governance and compensation caused U.S. managers to adopt an approach to management that focused attention on the stock price and short-term performance.” As a result, “firms invested less in shared resources such as pools of skilled labor, supplier networks, an educated populace, and the physical and technical infrastructure on which U.S. competitiveness ultimately depends.” These management actions in turn gave rise to “serious social problems (loss of jobs, stagnating income, growing inequality) and eventually a decline of the public sector (an inability to fund health and pensions, or investments in ‘the commons’ such as infrastructure, training, education, and basic research, fields that the private sector had abandoned.)”

»Why Did Short-Termism Emerge?

»Why did the private sector focus on the short-term and their stock price? This is where we get to the heart of the matter.

»In the 1970s and 1980s, firms were faced the pressures of globalization, deregulation and new technology, and power shifted from seller to buyer. Suddenly the customer was the boss. It became more and more difficult to make money just by cranking out the same old standard products.

»Faced with this startling challenge, firms could have opted to strengthen innovation and created more value for customers.

»But for the most part, firms did something different. Their focus turned inward towards making money for the shareholders and the executives as the primary goal. The current stock price became the central focus of these firms in an approach known as “maximizing shareholder value as reflected in the current stock price.” This was a notion that even Jack Welch has called “the dumbest idea in the world.”

»The practices that emerged, such as a focus on quarterly profits and the current stock price, along with massive share buybacks—some $3.4 trillion over the last ten years— created the appearance that the company was doing well. It was (and is), in effect, illegal stock price manipulation.

»Yet everyone climbed on board: business execs, boards of directors, Wall Street, brokers, regulators, politicians, and investors. Leading business journals, including The Economist and Harvard Business Review, continue to defend the approach.

»Companies scrambled to find ways to keep their current share price rising, by whatever means necessary. One of those ways was off-shoring.


»A Lemming-Like March To China

»Whole industries were shipped overseas in pursuit of apparent short-term cost savings. There was a lemming-like march towards off-shoring.

»“The decision to go to China,” one Fortune 500 executive told me, “was driven almost exclusively by the analysts, who told management they couldn’t support a buy recommendation if the company had no plans to be in China. Since the executives who make the decision are compensated with hefty stock options, it wasn’t long before corporate was offering Mandarin lessons. I think these people understand the long term implications of these decisions perfectly well, and they’re very sympathetic to the poor b—-ds who will come after them and have to sort this mess out – after those options have been exercised, of course.

»“The unholy alliance between the analyst community and executives heavily incentivized by stock options – given cover by the simplistic apologia of cost accountants who coo about labor savings in China but forget about the six-figure travel expenses – helps explain why manufacturing has left.”


»Firms Didn’t Do The Math

»“Many companies that off-shored manufacturing didn’t really do the math,” says Harry Moser, an MIT-trained engineer and founder of the Reshoring Initiative. “A study the consulting company, Archstone, showed that 60% of offshoring decisions used only rudimentary cost calculations, maybe just price or labor costs rather than something holistic like total cost. Most of the true risks and cost of offshoring were hidden.”

»Why did so many very smart highly educated people make the same mistake? It wasn’t lack of mathematical capability or trade agreements. Their decision-making was driven by “the world’s dumbest idea” and the rush to generate short-term profits, or at least appear to be generating short-term profits.

»A contributing factor was the belief that offshoring manufacturing to emerging markets would result in fewer of the labor problems that were emerging because of the top-down bureaucracy in U.S. firms. By offshoring production, firms were not only seeking to lower their production costs. They were also trying checkmate unions by removing jobs from this country, without thought to long-term consequences of large numbers of firms shipped jobs out of the country. The considerations caused even highly educated people to ignore the cliff they were driving over.


»The Loss Of Whole Industries

»Decades of such decision-making across multiple industries have led to massive outsourcing of manufacturing and left U.S. industry, thereby limiting the capability to invent or manufacture the next generation of high-tech products that are key to growing the economy, as noted by Gary Pisano and Willy Shih in their classic article, Restoring American Competitiveness. For instance, Amazon’s Kindle couldn’t be made in the U.S., even if Amazon wanted to.

»“So the decline of manufacturing in a region sets off a chain reaction,” say Pisano and Shih. “Once manufacturing is outsourced, process-engineering expertise can’t be maintained, since it depends on daily interactions with manufacturing. Without process-engineering capabilities, companies find it increasingly difficult to conduct advanced research on next-generation process technologies. Without the ability to develop such new processes, they find they can no longer develop new products. In the long term, then, an economy that lacks an infrastructure for advanced process engineering and manufacturing will lose its ability to innovate.”

»Pisano and Shih have a frighteningly long list of industries that are “already lost” to the USA:

»“’Fabless chips’; compact fluorescent lighting; LCDs for monitors, TVs and handheld devices like mobile phones; electrophoretic displays; lithium ion, lithium polymer and NiMH batteries; advanced rechargeable batteries for hybrid vehicles; crystalline and polycrystalline silicon solar cells, inverters and power semiconductors for solar panels; desktop, notebook and netbook PCs; low-end servers; hard-disk drives; consumer networking gear such as routers, access points, and home set-top boxes; advanced composite used in sporting goods and other consumer gear; advanced ceramics and integrated circuit packaging.”

»Their list of industries “at risk” is even longer and more worrisome.

»The widely-accepted implication that trade agreements or Wall Street “made” firms outsource manufacturing is plain, flat, dead wrong. What led to this behavior is ‘the world’s dumbest idea’: the notion that the very purpose of a firm is to maximize shareholder value as reflected in its stock price.

»If these managements had thought more carefully, they would have realized that they were steadily losing expertise to run and grow the business in the future.


»What’s To Be Done?

»What’s to be done? Railing against international trade agreements isn’t going to solve the problem. Nor does it lie in constructing more elaborate economic models. It lies in rethinking how business is being conducted. Business has to become more resilient and more innovative.

»The good news is that some firms have already taken a different path. They have committed themselves to entrepreneurship and innovation. They have recognized that power in the marketplace has shifted from seller to buyer. These firms have seen that “better, cheaper, faster, smaller, more convenient, and more personalized” is the new norm, and the ability to innovate with committed employees is critical. These firms aim to generate an entrepreneurial spirit throughout the entire organization.

»Even better news: Firms that embrace entrepreneurship and innovation are competitive internationally and are handsomely rewarded by their customers and the stock market for doing so.

»Doing this isn’t easy. Every aspect of business needs to change. “Smartphones and tablets,” writes economist Geoffrey Moore, “are reengineering whole swaths of the consumer economy, from information access (Google) to communication (Facebook and Twitter) to media and entertainment (YouTube) to transportation (Uber) to hospitality (Airbnb) to dining (OpenTable and Yelp), and beyond.”

»And it’s not just firms in the digital economy. Whole Foods, Starbucks, Costco and Zara are using the same management practices in the non-digital world.

»The site visits of the SD Learning Consortium (SDLC) in 2016 also showed that a number of large firms have demonstrated the capability of operating entrepreneurially at scale. The examples are not isolated experiments in those firms. In each case, they are part of large-scale implementations of an entrepreneurial approach to running the organization with continuous innovation. The findings are discussed in depth in the 2016 report of the SDLC, which is available here.

»This entrepreneurial behavior is part of a revolution in management that it is under way. Some see the movement as taking off in software development in 2001 with the issuance of the Manifesto for Agile Software Development, although it had earlier historical roots. As managing software has become central to the success of every business, Agile is becoming a key to the management of almost everything. Agile and is now being embraced by all parts, and all kinds, of organizations, including for operations that are complex or requiring high reliability, as noted in the Harvard Business Review article in April 2016, “Embracing Agile.”

»“Now agile methodologies—which involve new values, principles, practices, and benefits and are a radical alternative to command-and-control-style management—are spreading across a broad range of industries and functions and even into the C-suite.”

»There are now hundreds of thousands of Agile practitioners around the world and tens of thousands of organizations embracing Agile. The movement is driven both by the passion of those who love working this way and by managers who recognize that survival in an unpredictable and rapidly shifting marketplace requires a capacity to adapt equally rapidly.

»“Traditional, MBA-style thinking,” as Eric Schmidt and Jonathan Rosenberg write in their book, How Google Works, “dictates that you build up a sustainable competitive advantage over rivals and then close the fortress and defend it with boiling oil and flaming arrows.” That doesn’t work anymore, because competitive advantages are less and less sustainable. The firm has to go on innovating, in order to be continuously successful.


»The Drucker Forum 2016 And Beyond

»A discussion of these issues will also take place at the Drucker Forum this week in Vienna Austria on November 17-18, 2016. I will be chairing a session with Gary Hamel entitled “The Entrepreneurial Organization At Scale.” The sessions will be live-streamed: anyone can enroll in the live-streaming here.

»So it’s time to stop railing at international trade agreements and get to the real cause of loss of jobs. The key reason is the way companies are being run. They need to abandon ‘the world’s dumbest idea’ and adopt the management practices that generate continuous innovation so that they can compete internationally. Without that, more and more people are going to be left behind.


»Other Elements Need To Be Addressed

»Of course, fundamentally different management isn’t the only thing that needs to be done. Public investment in research must be restored. Failed maintenance of infrastructure must be redressed. The education system must teach students not only how to regurgitate the right answers, but also how to ask the right questions. The crushing burden of student debt must be removed. The tax system must be fundamentally restructured. Immigration must be rationalized. But none of these steps will matter much unless and until the private sector reverses its decline and commits to continuous innovation and entrepreneurship.

»If only a few firms were devoted to financial engineering and “making money out of money” rather than delivering real products and services to real human beings, it wouldn’t be such a big problem. But when we have most of the private sector acting this way, then we have a massive economic and social problem on our hands–secular economic stagnation and a collapsing social fabric.

»From a long-term perspective of decades rather than months, the marketplace will eventually solve the problem. There is only so long that firms–or a whole economy–can survive on the basis of financial engineering and “making money out of money,” as the decline in life expectancy of large firms from 75 years to just 10 years already demonstrates.

»In the broader scheme of things, the transition has to happen. It’s a matter of when, not whether. The only question is whether the transition will be ugly and bloody and horrible, as the social fabric collapses and voters undertake ever more desperate measures to redress the situation, or whether it will be quick and intelligent and elegant as firms themselves learn to embrace continuous innovation.

»This learning is not something that politicians can dictate. But politicians can offer leadership and point the way. Based on what we know to date, it’s unlikely that Donald J. Trump will be the one to demonstrate that leadership, but that is what is needed.

»Disclosure: I am an unpaid pro bono adviser and director of the SD Learning Consortium.»





Innovation and discourses

2016/11/21

Newsletter L&I, n.º 126 (2016-11-21)




n.º 126 (2016-11-21)

TAGS: # liderança e inovação # liderazgo e innovación # leadership et innovation # leadership and innovation
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L&I SCHOLAR
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Index


Liderar Inovando BR
Discursos e inovação | Ideias e inovação | Invenções e inovação | Recursos e inovação

«Aliança para Inovação Agropecuária no Semiárido realiza workshop em Oeiras» [link]

«Competição seleciona startups e ideias inovadoras no Turismo» [link]

«Invenção de alunos da Escola do Sesi de Campo Grande vence desafio nacional de inovação» [link]

«Suspensão de recursos para ciência e tecnologia põe em risco futuro do país, dizem gestores universitários» [link]


Liderar Inovando PT
Discursos e inovação | Ideias e inovação | Invenções e inovação | Recursos e inovação

«Proposta de Programa do Governo Regional dos Açores começa a ser debatida hoje» [link]

«Web Summit: Cinco ideias inovadoras para estar atento» [link]

«Presidente José Eduardo dos Santos recebe talentos» [link]

«IBM inaugura Centro de Inovação Tecnológica em Viseu» [link]


Liderar Innovando ES
Discursos e innovación | Ideas e innovación | Inventos e innovación | Recursos e innovación

«Innovar o Morir» [link]

«Inacap invita a participar en desafío de innovación “50 ideas para mi región”» [link]

«Inspiratec reunirá a 237 alumnos riojanos con 42 proyectos de inventos» [link]

«Ifema pone en marcha la próxima edición de Recursos para la Educación 2017» [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR
Discourses et innovation | Idées et innovation | Inventions et innovation | Ressources et innovation

«We don't need no innovation» [link]

«Innovation. Saint-Malo accueille une méga boîte à idées» [link]

«Hand’speaker : une invention pour faire parler les sourds et les muets» [link]

«#SMARTOFFICE. La culture d’innovation en entreprise : perspectives et enjeux d’un “tiers-lieu d’activité”» [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN
Discourses and innovation | Ideas and innovation | Inventions and innovation | Resources and innovation

«Rethinking the Discourses of Higher Education Innovation» [link]

«LCBO researching new ideas in downtown Kitchener» [link]

«Invention, Innovation, and Disruption» [link]

«Experts urge Africa to put more resources in Science, Technology and Innovation» [link]



L&I Media

Liderar Inovando BR – Media

«Medicamento inovador para o tratamento da obesidade marca entrada da Novo Nordisk (@novonordisk) em nova área terapêutica» [link]

«FCA (Fiat Chrysler Automobiles) vence mais uma vez ranking de tecnologias sustentáveis», Mecânica Online [link]

«Nova Zelândia lidera lista de países com clima empresarial mais favorável», Alfonso Fernández, @UOLEconomia [link]

«A cientista tcheca naturalizada brasileira Johanna Döbereiner, que liderou pesquisa sobre fixação biológica de nitrogênio, é homenageada», @RevistaCultivar [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Media

«Outros 12 projetos selecionados para receber fundos europeus. Saúde lidera mas há surpresas» Joana Petiz, @dntwit [link]

«A BGuest, a Climber, a Infraspeak, a TeamOutLoud e a VPS são as cinco start-ups portuguesas da hotelaria que decidiram juntar-se para criar o consórcio Hotel-Up», i9 magazine [link]

«Startup portuguesa Talkdesk (@Talkdesk) distinguida como uma das empresas mais empreendedoras nos EUA» @TeKSapo [link]

Talkdesk (@Talkdesk) «Brilliant Customer Interactions. With Talkdesk, you will enjoy all the benefits of enterprise call center software, without all the complexity» [link]

«EVO, nova fibra sustentável feita 100% de semente de mamona, resultado de investigação da empresa Fulgar», @FNW_PT [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Media

«Stephen Heppell (@stephenheppell): “El alumno debe liderar el cambio”». Entrevista. @anaayala3_0, @educacion3_0 [link]

«Juan de Vicente (@Jdevicenteabad): “Me interesa la innovación para la inclusión”», entrevista, @educacion3_0 [link]

«Los líderes de la innovación biofarmacéutica en Latinoamérica lideran el programa del encuentro Biolatam 2016», @EBDgroup vía @PRNewswire [link]

Bajo el lema “Participa e INvolúcrate en el cambio”, este año fi2 centra la atención en la transformación educativa y la economía digital creativa como motor de desarrollo de la isla de Tenerife» [link]

«La exploradora del talento ajeno. “¡El maestro es el cliente! Aprender descubriendo”. Este es uno de los lemas favoritos de la psicóloga chicharrera Rosa Elvira González (@rosaelviraglezp)» [link]

José Antonio Bastos, Presidente de Médicos sin Fronteras España: «Falta voluntad de los líderes hacia los más desesperados», entrevista, Gerardo Elorriaga, @lariojacom [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Media

«L’innovation, plus que l’effervescence du marché de l’habitation américain est la planche de salut à long terme de l’industrie canadienne du bois d’œuvre», Susan Smith, @EDC_Exportwise [link]

«Coopérer pour innover. Session d'exploration pour les professionnels de l'ingénierie et les élus», Cap Rural [link]

«L’Ile de France domine l’industrie du logiciel», @InformatiqNews [link]

«Comment Nice se renforce dans la santé», Laurence Bottero (@l_bottero), @LaTribunePACA [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Media

«Meet The #Leadership Team Driving GM’s Recovery», @tetzeli, @FastCompany [link]

«Europe’s innovation culture: which countries rank best?» Tom Wadlow (@TomWadlowBRE), Business Review Europe magazine (@BizReviewEurope) [link]

«New Leadership for Infectious Disease Research Center», @CSUAlanRudolph, @coloradostateu [link]

«Figures from amenity horticulture to production to share leadership insights at @CIHort conference» @hortweek [link]



L&I Scholar

Liderar Inovando BR – Scholar

«Liderança e Inovação», Hugo Ferreira Braga Tadeu, Fundação Dom Cabral (@DomCabral) [link]

«Liderança e inovação fazem a diferença», Luiz Edmundo Rosa, HUMUS-EAD (@HUMUS_EAD) [link]

«As Práticas Gerenciais Adotadas nas Empresas Líderes em Inovação para Promover o Empreendedorismo Corporativo», Viana & Santos [link]

«Liderança e inovação na administração pública», Lisete Barlach, Revista Gestão & Políticas Públicas (RGPP), @revistasusp [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Scholar

«“Dream Teens” - adolescentes autónomos, responsáveis e participantes» [link]

«7 novas regras para a inovação na liderança», Success Magazine via Human Resources Portugal [link]

«Fórum RH 2016. Liderança do Futuro e Inovação» Isabel Freire de Andrade (Bright Concept), @RHMagazine_IIRH [link]

«Enquanto líder, facilita a inovação? Há 6 regras com as quais não falha», Samuel B. Bacharach (@samuelbacharach), @PLideranca [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Scholar

«La #innovación de la labor docente a través del #liderazgo. ¿Es posible?», Peniche & Ramón @uady_mx @CenidOficial [link]

Estilos de toma de decisión de líderes en Perú – Gaviria, Ratti, Quiroga, Ontaneda y Galdós (@Postgrado_UPC / @UPCedu y @Korn_Ferry) [link]

«Construyendo una cultura de innovación. Una propuesta de transformación cultural», Naranjo & Calderón [link]

«Las redes sociales, la confianza y los líderes de las escuelas de distrito urbanas», Daly & Finnigan, @FaculEDUAM [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Scholar

«Recherche et innovation à Amadeus», Lardeux & Salch, ROADEF #36 @roadef [link]

«Les pratiques managériales les plus innovantes du monde», Francis Boyer (@DYNESENS), Le Journal du Net (@journaldunet) [link]

«L’innovation et le leadership», Jean-Philippe Deschamps [link]

«Quand les grands groupes montent leur usine à start-up», Thomas Guyon via @frenchweb [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Scholar

«Innovation and Change. Lessons from the Global Cities Education Network», @carussell17, @psaresearch [link]

«Toward Culturally Sustaining Leadership: Innovation beyond ‘School Improvement’ Promoting Equity in Diverse Contexts» [link]

«Transformational leadership, innovation climate, creative self-efficacy and employee creativity: A multilevel study», Jaiswal & Dhar [link]

«The impact of leadership styles on innovation - a review», Peter Kesting, John Parm Ulhøi, Lynda Jiwen Song and Hongyi Niu, Journal of Innovation Management (JIM) [link]



L&I Blog

Liderar Inovando BR – Blog

«Cuidado com as inovações de curto prazo. “O maior problema é quando o imediatismo se torna doença e compromete totalmente o planejamento”, explica Luiz Serafim, Head de Marketing Corporativo da 3M no livro “O poder da inovação”», @3MdoBrasil, @admnews [link]

«Conheça a Escola de Liderança para Meninas», Plan Brasil (@PlanBR) [link]

«Os desafios da gestão para o atual cenário brasileiro» Portogente (@portogente) [link]

«Nunca foi tão importante alinhar a TI e o Marketing» Bill Coutinho (@billcoutinho, @DextraSistemas), CIO Brasil (@CIObrasil) [link]


Liderar Inovando PT – Blog

«Lisboa lidera no Plano Juncker» Sofia Colares Alves, @observadorpt, coluna de opinião [link]

«Como a Web Summit pode alavancar a inovação em Portugal», José Serra (@OlisipoNews), @OlisipoTI [link]

«Quatro princípios para liderar na Indústria 4.0» Portal da Liderança (@PLideranca) [link]

«O cliente no centro da gestão das empresas se torna no novo centro de valor», Rui Nogueira (@RuiNogueira_pt), @sageportugal [link]


Liderar Innovando ES – Blog

«Conoce a @INITEC_UNI, innovación tecnológica mediante @waposat, control en tiempo real del agua de los ríos», Lachlan Bache, @AIESEC_PERU [link]

«Innovar: las 7 virtudes capitales», José Santomingo (@josesantomingo), FOL.cl Fondos Mutuos (@fondosonline) [link]

«La participación: tendencia empresarial en las nuevas organizaciones», Ricardo Pedroza (@redhatcolombia @redhatla @RedHatNews) [link]

Encuentro de Líderes en Innovación (ELI), vía @comunidadELI e @IPNOficial [link]


Mener avec Innovation FR – Blog

«Crisotech: L’innovation au service de la gestion de crise», Marc Jacob, @GS_Mag [link]

«Comment concrétiser et gérer l’innovation durable dans les entreprises grâce à l’Objet Emotion ?», Marion Laperrouze, @eRSE_net [link]

«Ressources humaines, innovation et transformation digitale : le cas Crédit Agricole SA» [link]

«Mener votre équipe vers l’inconnu», Jeffrey H. Dyer et Nathan Furr, @HBRFrance [link]


Leadership & Innovation EN – Blog

«Accelerating Innovation with Leadership», Bill Gates (@billgates), Gates Notes [link]

«The 4 Traits You Need to Be a Great Leader», Marillyn Hewson (@MarillynHewson, @LockheedMartin), @FortuneMagazine [link]

«The Attributes of an Effective Global Leader», @SAHewlett, @HarvardBiz [link]

«Albertans Are Ready To Be Leaders In Innovation», Kent Hehr (@kenthehr), @HuffPostAlberta [link]




Licencia Creative Commons Licencia Creative Commons
Atribución-NoComercial 4.0 Internacional