«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 36, 2014-12-29)

Produção de alimentos (Brasil)

Ribeirinhos do Amazonas iniciam produção de alimentos agroecológicos em Reserva de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Piagaçu-Purus (RDS-PP) [web] [intro]

Palma ganha espaço na economia da Paraíba [web] [intro]

Feliz Natal!

Rio Grande do Norte será referência em ostreicultura até 2016 [web] [intro]

Combater o desperdício de alimentos (Portugal, África lusófona)

O combate ao desperdício de alimentos está na ordem do dia [web] [intro]

Movimento 2020 ensina a combater o desperdício alimentar este Natal [web] [intro]

Feliz Natal!

Combater o desperdício alimentar [web] [intro]


Innovadoras colmenas evitan que la miel se contamine [web] [intro]

Consorcio de Desarrollo Tecnológico Apícola [web] [intro]

¡Feliz Navidad!

Proceso de participación para la Reserva de la Biosfera de La Rioja 2014-2023 [web] [intro]

Papier journal

Coup dur pour l'industrie du recyclage au Québec [web] [intro]

Les gros consommateurs de papier dans la mire de Greenpeace [web] [intro]

Joyeux Noël!

Valorail pour optimiser la collecte des vieux papiers [web] [intro]


Raining innovation from the cloud [web] [intro]

How Shifting to the Cloud Can Unlock Innovation for Food and Farming [web] [intro]

Merry Christmas!

Building a Cloud Foundation for Innovation [web] [intro]

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4.0 Internacional


Building a Cloud Foundation for Innovation

No Jitter
Robert Bates


«Companies that capitalize on the intersection of social networking, mobility, analytics and cloud -- the SMAC stack -- can reap huge benefits.

»Social, mobile, analytics and cloud make up what we call the SMAC stack, with the cloud piece providing the makings of a bold IT platform strategy. In fact, as enterprises increasingly rely on the use of social outcomes to improve results, mobility to boost efficiency and advanced analytics to enable more intelligent decision making, the potential of cloud technology as a platform for innovation is becoming much too important for companies to ignore.

»In a recent survey of 144 business leaders, Wipro found that enterprises putting cloud services to use are able to achieve competitive advantage. For example, 39% of respondents reported an increase in improved decision making and automation of process flows because of cloud services use. Cloud not only helps companies with greater IT flexibility, according to 40% of respondents, and in reducing IT support costs (35% of respondents), but also has emerged as the platform of choice for innovation. .../...»


How Shifting to the Cloud Can Unlock Innovation for Food and Farming

IPS - Inter Press Service
Andy Jarvis


«The digital revolution that is continuing to develop at lightening speed is an exciting new ally in our fight for global food security in the face of climate change.

»Researchers have spent decades collecting data on climate patterns, but only in recent years have cost-effective solutions for publicly hosting this information been developed. Cloud computing services make the ideal home for key climate data – given that they have a vast capacity for not only storing data, but analysing it as well.

»This rationale is the basis for a brand new partnership between CGIAR, a consortium of international research centres, and Amazon web services. With 40 years of research under its belt, CGIAR holds a wealth of information on not just climate patterns, but on all aspects of agriculture.

»By making this data publically available on the Amazon cloud, researchers and developers will be empowered to come up with innovations to solve critical issues inextricably linked to food and farming, such as reducing rural poverty, improving human health and nutrition, and sustainably managing the Earth’s natural resources. .../...»


Raining innovation from the cloud

Jane L. Snowdon


«Albert Einstein once said, "You can't solve a problem on the same level that it was created. You have to rise above it to the next level."

»That next level today, especially for the federal government, is cloud.

»"It's all about cloud." I've heard it countless times in meetings, presentations, email pitches and articles. Aside from the trend, cloud in the federal government is fueled by three essential truths:

»— Agencies are seeking a "Cloud First" approach in their new technology investments.

»— Agencies need to do more with existing or fewer resources.

»— Government leaders have a desire to fulfill citizens' needs that demand more social and mobile channels to engage. .../...»


«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 35, 2014-12-22)

Pescadores (Brasil)

Pescadores terão carteirinha com chip para inibir fraudes no setor [web] [intro]

Skarp S60 é um “cevador com controle remoto” [web] [intro]

Ministério da Pesca lança Sinpesq, sistema de gestão integrada [web] [intro]

Programa de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento da Aquicultura e Pesca - FNE Aquipesca [web] [intro]

Doenças tropicais (Portugal, África lusófona)

Gulbenkian junta esforços e cientistas para conseguir apoios nas doenças tropicais [web] [intro]

3º Congresso Nacional de Medicina Tropical [web] [intro]

À procura de consenso na prevenção de doenças tropicais [web] [intro]

Equipa de cientistas portugueses descobre bactérias benéficas que protegem contra malária [web] [intro]

Productos pesqueros sostenibles

Clearwater Seafoods Recibe Premio a la Innovación Rabobank [web] [intro]

Nuevas soluciones tecnológicas para la los productos pesqueros (CONSERVAPESCA) [web] [intro]

Bahía Blanca, primer puerto pesquero artesanal de Perú, beneficiará a 1,600 pescadores artesanales [web] [intro]

Los consumidores españoles quieren productos del mar sostenibles [web] [intro]


Des Vêtements Anti-Ebola De Argaman (Israël) Avec Ultrasons [web] [intro]

Pops by BewellConnect®, la nouvelle technologie innovante de communication destinée aux objets connectés [web] [intro]

Des vêtements sans fil [web] [intro]

Mode et sécurité: Norton lance un jean antivirus [web] [intro]

Fuel cell technology

UNM jointly developed fuel cells win innovation award [web] [intro]

BMW Will Unveil Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology, Additional i Services, at 2015 Detroit Auto Show [web] [intro]

Capturing Carbon as a Byproduct of Running a Fuel Cell [web] [intro]

Graphene discovery may revolutionise fuel-cell technology [web] [intro]

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4.0 Internacional


Graphene discovery may revolutionise
fuel-cell technology

E&T (Engineering and Technology Magazine)
Tereza Pultarova


«One of the scientists who discovered graphene is on to yet another major breakthrough involving the wonder material, which has the promise to revolutionise clean energy generation.

»In an article published in the latest issue of Nature, a team led by Manchester University physicist Sir Andre Geim described surprising properties of the one-atom thick layer of carbon that could lead to major improvements in fuel-cell technology and even allow harvesting hydrogen from the atmosphere.

»In laboratory experiments conducted by Geim and his co-workers, layers of graphene, previously believed to be completely impermeable to all gases and liquids, allowed protons (hydrogen atoms stripped of their electrons) to pass through. .../...»


Capturing Carbon as a Byproduct of Running
a Fuel Cell

The New York Times
Matthew L. Wald


«A fuel cell is a chemical reactor that combines natural gas and air, and makes electricity, without combustion. In some fuel cells, carbon dioxide is routinely produced in one stage and recaptured in another.

»As it is piped between the stages, the gas is at 70 percent purity, and most of the other 30 percent is innocuous steam. So the engineers at the company that built the installation, FuelCell Energy, are pulling off a chemical bait-and-switch.

»They chill the carbon and steam mixture to about 40 degrees below zero, which is considered easy in the chemical world, well within the range of commercial cooling systems. At that temperature, carbon dioxide gas turns into a liquid, which is easily drained off.

»But the second stage in the fuel cell is still hungry for the carbon dioxide that has now been stolen. Where to get it? From the exhaust of a coal plant. Instead of feeding the fuel cell ordinary air, the engineers supply a flow of air laced with 13 percent carbon dioxide, about the level that would come from a typical coal-burning power plant. .../...»


BMW Will Unveil Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology, Additional i Services, at 2015 Detroit Auto Show

Transport Evolved
Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield


«January’s debut of BMW’s hydrogen fuel cell technology will demonstrate the use of hydrogen fuel cell drivetrain and energy storage components in a possible future fuel cell vehicle. While BMW isn’t clear if this means we’ll see a prototype of a future production vehicle, a hydrogen fuel cell test mule, or a purely concept car, we won’t be surprised if BMW’s show prototype makes use of either a BMW i3 or i8 as the test mule.

»What is clear is BMW’s commitment to developing a hydrogen fuel cell system for future commercial use, which it says will be developed in a similar way to its i3 and i8, focusing on a specific platform for the technology rather than trying to shoehorn it into an existing model.

»Of course, this isn’t the first time we’ve seen BMW work on a hydrogen vehicle, although to date the majority of BMW’s forays into hydrogen vehicles have been in the field of hydrogen combustion rather than fuel cell vehicles. Save for a few concept cars and a fleet of hydrogen fuel cell pickup trucks used at the factory where its X5 SUV is built, this will be the first time we’ll see BMW actively promoting hydrogen fuel cell technology as a future production path, and the first time we’ll see the fruits of a long-running partnership between BMW and Toyota on fuel cell technology. .../...»


UNM jointly developed fuel cells win innovation award

The University of New Mexico (UNM)
Denise Bissell


«Technology jointly developed at the University of New Mexico and Daihatsu Motor Co., Ltd., was recently honored as a “Top 10 Innovation” at the inaugural conference of the Innovation for Cool Earth Forum held in Tokyo, Japan.

»The fuel-cell technology, developed by UNM School of Engineering Distinguished Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering Plamen Atanassov and his team and Daihatsu Motors Executive Scientist Hirohisa Tanaka and his team, was recognized for its large-scale potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, its innovative method for making non-platinum-based fuel cells, and its feasibility for successful global commercialization. .../...»


«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 34, 2014-12-15)

Fitoterapia (Brasil)

Seminário discute implantação de hortos de plantas medicinais [web] [intro]

Empresas espanholas visitam a Funed em busca de parcerias na área de biotecnologia [web] [intro]

Plantas da Caatinga podem revolucionar indústria farmacêutica e de cosméticos [web] [intro]

Fitoterápicos: o que é e quais são os benefícios [web] [intro]

Sustentabilidade (Portugal, África lusófona)

Green Project Awards Portugal – Quem somos [web] [intro]

Novos motores de crescimento que estimulem a criação de riqueza, ao mesmo tempo que promovem a inclusão social e a sustentabilidade ambiental: é este o desafio do futuro [web] [intro]

Ideias de Origem Portuguesa chamadas à Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian [web] [intro]

A Universidade de Lisboa é novo parceiro europeu na vida saudável e envelhecimento activo [web] [intro]


Un informe de UNICEF afirma que la innovación puede impulsar el cambio para los niños más desfavorecidos [web] [intro]

Más de 1.500 alumnos de primaria comienzan en enero un programa educativo pionero para aprender salud ambiental en la escuela [web] [intro]

Contenidos de calidad para la infancia y la adolescencia en los medios nacionales uruguayos [web] [intro]

América Latina falla en educación temprana e innovación [web] [intro]


Le 59e Salon des métiers d'art de Montréal: ludique et innovateur [web] [intro]

Transformons nos façons de s’organiser et de travailler ensemble pour susciter de l’innovation dans les cœurs de métiers [web] [intro]

Le bois, un matériau vivant, des métiers innovants [web] [intro]

Salon des métiers d'art: les créateurs d’ici, innovateurs de demain [web] [intro]


Social innovation and the challenge of democracy in Europe [web] [intro]

President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan said democracy should be strengthened by robust debates, innovative ideas and patriotism [web] [intro]

Booker, King: Don't destroy the open Internet [web] [intro]

Remarks at the 20th Anniversary of the Summit of the Americas [web] [intro]

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4.0 Internacional


Remarks at the 20th Anniversary of the Summit of the Americas

U.S. Department of State
John Kerry


«To create economic opportunity and spur innovation, you need an open market. But you also need a free and open marketplace of ideas. Now more than ever, we have to reaffirm our shared values and revitalize the institutions that are dedicated to defending them. And to protect those institutions, we need to make certain that no leader stays in power indefinitely. Democracy actually demands nothing less.

»And that is why we still continue to stand up for constitutionally mandated term limits, and we will continue to speak out against those leaders who manipulate laws and electoral bodies in ways that subvert the electoral process, steal away the promise from the people themselves, and undermine democracy. That is why we strongly support proposals in the Organization of American States to ensure full implementation of the Inter-American Democratic Charter. And that is why we support an independent and effective Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

»Second, we need to build democracies that are inclusive. Democracy is measured not just by the work of governments or the quality of our bilateral and multilateral engagement. It’s also measured by the quality of our civic engagement – by the role of citizens and civil society in shaping their future of a country, and in particularly shaping their own future.

»In order to ensure that all voices are heard, we need to continue to empower historically marginalized groups. That includes women and girls, people of African descent, indigenous populations, the LGBT community, and persons with disabilities. Our citizens have an inherent right to express themselves. And we cannot let states, private or public monopolies, criminals, or politicians infringe on that right or limit our – the information that citizens receive. Because we recognize a basic truth: Social and economic exclusion anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. .../...»


Booker, King: Don't destroy the open Internet

Cory Booker and
Angus King


«Cory Booker, a Democrat, is a United States senator from New Jersey. Angus King, an independent, is a United States senator from Maine. The opinions expressed in this commentary are solely those of the authors.

»The Internet is one of the most powerful tools on the planet. Across the globe, millions of people connect every minute of every day to harness its wealth of information, exchange ideas in an open platform and foster the type of innovation and entrepreneurship that spurs economic growth.

»And today, it's never been more at risk in the United States.

»Earlier this year, a court decision unlocked the “pandora's box.” There are now no enforceable rules to ensure small businesses, nonprofits and individuals can continue to access online content without fear of discriminatory practices or content blocking by Internet service providers who own the information pipelines. .../...»


President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan said democracy should be strengthened by robust debates, innovative ideas and patriotism

Vincent Ehiabhi


«President Goodluck Jonathan has explained what true democracy is to the opposition parties.

»The President, who declined to mention a specific political party while speaking at the Official Presentation of the Kukah Centre at the Merit House, Abuja on Tuesday explained that true democracy is about sharing ideas and not about quarreling like motor park workers, The Nation reports.

»The President, who was obviously replying his critics, said democracy should be strengthened by robust debates, innovative ideas and patriotism.

»“I believe that our democracy should be strengthened by robust debates, generation of innovative ideas and development, patriotism and progress in our country. I therefore call on everyone, the political class, our ordinary citizens but even more importantly, the academic community to rise up to the challenges posed by this initiative. I think we are over defining our democracy today by quarrelling as if democracy is about competitors quarrelling as just motor park workers. As elections draw close, I call on all politicians to see this as another opportunity for us to renew our commitment to deepening our democracy. Democracy is not all about politicians abusing themselves, it is about development, discussing issues and ideas,” Jonathan said. .../...»

Image: One Nigeria


Social innovation and the challenge of democracy in Europe

David Lane and Filippo Addarii


«What’s going on in Paris? This year over four thousand Parisians have been consulted on how to allocate twenty million Euros across fifteen projects that aim to improve the quality of life in the French capital.

»Anne Hidalgo, who was elected as the Mayor of Paris in April 2014, has introduced a participatory budget process to give citizens an opportunity to decide on the allocation of five per cent of the capital’s investment budget. For the first time in France, a politician is giving citizens some degree of direct control over public expenditure—a sum amounting to 426 million Euros in total between 2014 and 2020.

»This is an example of social innovation, but not the pseudo-revolutionary, growth-obsessed, blind-to-power variety that’s constantly hyped by management consultants and public policy think tanks. Instead, people are actively involved in planning their own shared future. They’re entrusted with the responsibility of devising ways to improve life in their communities. And the process is coherent with the purpose: everyone, not just the ‘experts,’ has an opportunity to have their say in an open and transparent online platform. .../...»


«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 33, 2014-12-08)

Inovativos (Brasil)

O Brasil que não se vê, muito maior do que o Brasil que se vê [web] [intro]

Falta de infraestrutura para inovar torna Brasil o país da inovação zero [web] [intro]

Empreendedores do InovAtiva conquistam investidores e parcerias [web] [intro]

As 12 características das pessoas altamente criativas [web] [intro]

Inovação tecnológica (Portugal, África lusófona)

Ubitricity busca solução para carregar carros elétricos [web] [intro]

A Destruição de Modelos Económicos e Os Países Lusófonos [web] [intro]

Murade Murargy: «Governos têm de adotar medidas para facilitar fluxo de bens e serviços nos países da CPLP» [web] [intro]

Há 11 professores portugueses entre os mais inovadores do mundo, diz a Microsoft [web] [intro]

Innovación empresarial

Empresas buscan innovar ante lento avance económico [web] [intro]

5 elementos de una franquicia exitosa [web] [intro]

En Sandwich Qubano, «el secreto es la innovación». La cadena de comidas rápidas
está cumpliendo 35 años y acelera
su expansión internacional [web] [intro]

Manuel Romero: «La rentabilidad del enoturismo es aún una asignatura pendiente para
muchas bodegas» [web] [intro]

Innovation sportive

Paris veut devenir championne du monde de l’innovation sportive [web] [intro]

Le sport comme facteur d’innovation et de croissance économique [web] [intro]

Soirée de gala chez Decathlon: L'innovation awards [web] [intro]

Doha, «capitale mondiale du sport»? [web] [intro]

Hybrid cloud

How the enterprise can embrace hybrid cloud [web] [intro]

A Good Hybrid Cloud Case Study--Asheville Shows How Hybrid Should Be Done [web] [intro]

Your hybrid cloud environment is a dog, but what kind? [web] [intro]

What to consider when negotiating a hybrid cloud SLA [web] [intro]

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4.0 Internacional


What to consider when negotiating
a hybrid cloud SLA

Gina Murphy


«There is nothing standard about hybrid deployments, so you need more than the usual one-size-fits-all SLA.

»Service Level Agreements (SLA) serve as a roadmap and a warranty for cloud services offerings. All cloud providers offer standard, one-size-fits-all SLAs that cover availably, performance, security, disaster recovery, response times, compliance and termination. This may be adequate for pure cloud applications, however standard SLAs fall short when it comes to hybrid cloud deployments.

»There is nothing standard about hybrid deployments. Each one is different and inherently includes a higher level of involvement from IT. SLAs need to establish clear guidelines of engagement for both the enterprise and service provider. Unfortunately, not all cloud service providers are open or equipped to customize SLAs.

»Given the uniqueness of hybrid implementations, securing them is a continuous challenge. The private cloud portion is secured and protected by the enterprise. Mission-critical applications and data are internally controlled, while less sensitive data and applications can reside in a public cloud. This approach enables a business to take advantage of the scalability and cost savings of cloud computing without exposing mission critical information to third-party vulnerabilities.

»However, the networking between the private and public clouds needs careful consideration. This is where an SLA comes into play. The SLA should address three primary areas of risk:

»* Data Who secures the link when data leaves the private cloud? There are privacy and integrity concerns associated with such data movement because the privacy controls in the public cloud vary significantly from the private cloud. When data is moved to the cloud, the enterprise loses governance over their data set. Once they move the data to the cloud, its safety typically becomes the responsibility of the cloud service provider. The SLA should address data custody, control, possession, and right of return.

»* Compliance Enterprises still need to comply with regulations that pertain to data governance, even if data leaves the premise. SLAs need to clearly outline the service provider's obligation to be complaint with regulations such as Sarbanes-Oxley, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) for and the Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI).

»* Audit SLAs should cover access to documented proof necessary to demonstrate compliance to an auditor and who pays for the service provider's time during an audit.

»Where's my data?

»When data leaves the private cloud, it is likely that it will be stored in multiple data centers for high availability and for business continuity, or may transverse multiple clouds. Regional or industry-specific regulations may require that some data remains in a set physical or geographic location. You also need to make sure you can recover and restore your data. The SLA should address the following:

»•Where is the data stored? Chances are your data will be stored in multiple geographic locations on multiple servers. It is important to know where your data is for compliance and disaster recovery reasons.

»•Will it leave the country? Different countries have different privacy laws that dictate how sensitive data is to be handled.

»•Who can access it? How are the data centers secured? Will the provider provide a copy of the security policies?

»•Is the data encrypted?

»•If a breach occurs, what are the provider's policies regarding disclosure. How long before you are notified? It is important to be able to ascertain clarity with respect to responsibilities and ownership -- especially in case of breaches and conflicts.

»•With downtime costs for mission critical applications ranging from $10,000 $70,000 per minute, the SLA needs to define how often the data is backed up, how long does it take to restore it, and from what point.

»•Cloning or refreshing a database can impact operations. One item to consider is negotiating the time it takes to complete a request to clone or refresh a database or application environment.

»Availability and Performance

»Availability can mean differently things depending on the services offered. For IaaS, availability is usually defined in terms of infrastructure, such as cloud servers and storage. For PaaS, availability may be defined in terms of functionality and access to the platform, and for SaaS providers, availability will be defined in terms of application and data availability. Ensure that guarantees and definitions are clearly outlined in the SLA.

»•What happens when a portion of the hybrid cloud becomes unavailable due to an outage or a natural disaster? Disaster recovery should play a major role in the SLA and it should be able to be tailored to the customer's RTO and RPO requirements.

»•Whether the problem occurs in the private cloud or the public cloud, the SLA should spell out a coordinated and more importantly a transparent process so that both parties work together to resolve the problem at hand.

»•Organizations need to understand the complexity compliance and its impact on availability. For some regulations such as PCI, operating system patch schedules may be necessary and the frequency of these updates may differ from the provider's default. Update schedules should be clearly defined in the SLA.

»The whole point of a hybrid cloud is to design and customize cloud capabilities to address your organization's unique needs. You need a service provider willing and able to customize the service level agreement to meet those needs so that your organization can takes advantage of the flexibility, scalability, cost reductions, and resiliency that cloud computing offers. Transparency builds trust and having the ability to respond to a crisis as a team is the goal of any SLA including.»


Your hybrid cloud environment is a dog,
but what kind?

Alex Barrett


«Hybrid clouds may look like the mutts of the cloud world, but that's not stopping enterprises from welcoming them into the data center.

»People throw around the term “hybrid cloud” like it's no big thing. But it makes me feel like I do at the dog park when faced with a new and interesting canine combination. Was the Dachshund the mom, and the Rottweiler the dad? Or was it the other way around, and how does that even work, anyway?

»I got a little bit of clarity about hybrid cloud at AWS re:Invent in Las Vegas this month, where I learned more about how Amazon Web Services thinks about hybrid cloud, some of the more common permutations, and care-and-feeding best practices.

»As far as AWS is concerned, a hybrid cloud environment is a “lollipop pattern,” in which “you extend your data center out to the cloud, and the only way back is through the stick,” said Miha Kralj, principal consultant with AWS Professional Services, during “hybrid infrastructure integration” breakout session.

»To that end, organizations need to choose their connectivity options wisely: either traversing the public Internet over a virtual private network using IPSec, or going with AWS Direct Connect through a partnering colocation provider. .../...»


A Good Hybrid Cloud Case Study--Asheville Shows How Hybrid Should Be Done

Ben Kepes


«The city of Asheville, NC recently won an award and showed a good example of hybrid IT done right. The Amazon sponsored “City In A Cloud” competition is one of those dime-a-dozen vendor competitions, but the Asheville case study, as detailed by its CIO, Jonathan Feldman, is certainly food for thought nonetheless. [...]

»This is interesting because DR is one of the real low-hanging fruits in terms of a move to the cloud. Running a disaster recovery facility is expensive, complex and time-consuming. All that infrastructure set up and maintained for an eventuality that might never occur is a bitter pill to swallow. By running DR on the cloud – complexity and cost are greatly reduced – workloads sit in storage on the cloud, ready to be brought to life if and when needed – the cost savings can be huge, and the move from capital expenditure to operating expenditure keep the financial folks happy. .../...»


How the enterprise can embrace hybrid cloud

IT Pro


«Hybrid cloud has much to offer organisations of all sizes, but enterprises in particular stand to gain so much...

»Cloud computing has come a long way since the early days of being the newest kid on the IT block. Since then, the market has evolved and organisations have been educated and now, in general, know what the various cloud models are and what each can do for them.

»Hybrid cloud in particular can be a tough nut to crack. The benefits are plentiful – although some are more obvious than others – but businesses often struggle to know where to start or what to do next. See sister title Cloud Pro’s article for more information on what true hybrid cloud is. .../...»


«Newsletter L&I» (n.º 32, 2014-12-01)

Emprego (Brasil)

Steve Jobs não conseguiria emprego na Apple de hoje, diz cofundador Steve Wozniak [web] [intro]

Movido pelo “espírito de garagem” [web] [intro]

Reforma de Marconi quer Estado mais útil pra sociedade. Cerebraço é mais inteligente do que bundaço [web] [intro]

2º dia do Congresso Facesp é marcado por homenagem a associações e apresentação do Empresômetro pelo ministro Afif [web] [intro]

Emprego (Portugal, África lusófona)

Melhores condições, melhores empregos e crescimento [web] [intro]

Oportunidades de financiamento para empresas [web] [intro]

O primeiro-ministro chinês Li Keqiang quer criação de empregos e inovações via internet [web] [intro]

O LIDE Angola, Grupo de Líderes Empresariais, realiza um debate com tema Crescimento Económico, Protecção Social e Combate à Pobreza [web] [intro]


Un tipo de dirección muy diferente [web] [intro]

El difícil salto para dejar de ser start up... ¿y ser un Google o un Facebook? [web] [intro]

Innovar sí, pero con mucho «sentidiño» [web] [intro]

Para la creación de puestos de trabajo, el XIII Foro de Ciudades por el Empleo apuesta por la cultura, el talento, la innovación y la creatividad [web] [intro]


Réquisitoire de le gourou de la nouvelle économie Takeshi Natsuno contre les entreprises manufacturières [web] [intro]

"Emploi store", simulateur de droits sociaux... quand l’administration se met au numérique [web] [intro]

GES 2014/ Ali Bongo Ondimba: «Mettre les femmes et les jeunes au cœur du développement» [web] [intro]

Lutte contre le chômage et le sous-emploi: Sommet mondial des services publics d’emploi (SPE) à Paris [web] [intro]


Doing away with human employees is not the answer, but redistributing them [web] [intro]

How young entrepreneurs are innovating in agriculture (Agriculture 2.0) [web] [intro]

A Major Long-Term Change In The Labor Market Is Bad News For The US Economy [web] [intro]

EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI) [web] [intro]

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EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI)

European Commission


«The Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI) programme is a financing instrument at EU level to promote a high level of quality and sustainable employment, guaranteeing adequate and decent social protection, combating social exclusion and poverty and improving working conditions.

»Structure and funding

»EaSI is managed directly by the European Commission. It brings together three EU programmes managed separately between 2007 and 2013: PROGRESS, EURES and Progress Microfinance.

»As of January 2014, these programmes form the three axes of EaSI. They support:

»▪ the modernisation of employment and social policies with the PROGRESS axis (61% of the total budget);

»▪ job mobility with the EURES axis (18% of the total budget);

»▪ access to micro-finance and social entrepreneurship with the Microfinance and Social Entrepreneurship axis (21% of the total budget).

»The total budget for 2014-2020 is EUR 919,469,000 in 2013 prices.


»▪ Strengthen ownership of EU objectives and coordination of action at EU and national level in the areas of employment, social affairs and inclusion.

»▪ Support the development of adequate social protection systems and labour market policies.

»▪ Modernise EU legislation and ensure its effective application.

»▪ Promote geographical mobility and boost employment opportunities by developing an open labour market.

»▪ Increase the availability and accessibility of microfinance for vulnerable groups and micro-enterprises, and increase access to finance for social enterprises.

»In pursuing these objectives, EaSI will:

»▪ pay particular attention to vulnerable groups, such as young people,

»▪ promote equality between women and men,

»▪ combat discriminations,

»▪ promote a high level of quality and sustainable employment,

»▪ guarantee adequate and decent social protection,

»▪ combat long-term unemployment,

»▪ fight against poverty and social exclusion.»


A Major Long-Term Change In The Labor Market Is Bad News For The US Economy

Business Insider
Shane Ferro


«The US just isn't as dynamic as it used to be, and we need to start thinking hard about how that affects the economy.

»That's the conclusion from Steven Davis and John Haltiwanger, two National Bureau of Economic Research economists (Davis is at U Chicago and Haltiwanger at the University of Maryland). The two presented at the Fed's Jackson Hole conference over the summer and an updated version of the paper was published at the end of October.

»Declines in labor market fluidity - the ease with which workers can move between jobs - have continued since the 1980s. According to the authors, there's been an unusually “large secular decline in the pace of job reallocation” during this period in the US. Reallocation is defined as which is the total jobs created plus total jobs destroyed, divided by total jobs in the economy.

»“A decline in these rates [job creation and destruction] could indicate less innovation or less labor market flexibility, both of which are likely to retard economic growth,” explains economist Mark Curtis at the Atlanta Fed's macroblog regarding this paper.

»The big driver of this before 2000 was the retail sector, as big box stores came in and demolished smaller competitors (that actually turned out to be relatively good for retail wages).

»But you can really see in the above chart that there's been a decline across sectors. And there is a school of thought that bigger companies mean less competition, which in turn pushes down wages (most recently floated by Justin Lahart in the WSJ).

»Regardless of firm size, declining fluidity in the labor market matters for a few reasons. If you believe that creative destruction is good for the economy, the declining number of small, young companies is a bad thing. But perhaps more pressingly, the researchers find that job reallocation rates have an impact on employment rates, particularly for the young and even more strongly for young men.

»Not only is it associated with lower unemployment rates, but it potentially negatively affects the length of time that the unemployed have to look for work, as fewer job changes likely means fewer job openings, and therefore fewer chances for those out of work to jump back in. “Employment today begets employment in the future,” write the authors.

»And fewer job openings mean fewer people moving between jobs in the same industry. Here's how job churn over the last 15 years breaks down by gender.

»There are a number of reasons listed by the authors for this lack of labor market fluidity:

»▪ A shift to older firms (fewer people are working for young companies, despite the prevalence of reporting out of Silicon Valley).

»▪ An aging workforce.

»▪ The transformation of business models (globalization favors bigger firms with more resources to invest in the global supply chain).

»▪ The impact of the information revolution on hiring practices.

»▪ Occupational labor supply restrictions (based on policy).

»▪ Exceptions to employment-at-will (contracts that make it harder to quit and/or be fired).

»▪ The establishment of protected worker classes (this makes it harder to fire people - though in a good way).

»▪ “Job lock” because of employer-provided health insurance (let's not even talk about this one).

»There are two notable things about the second half of this list: first, the authors point out that it's impossible to know how much the policy-related factors “contributed to secular declines in fluidity.” While all of these are possible factors for the trend, no one is quite sure how much each factors in.

»Further, it's important to note that some of these are policy protections meant to protect workers, and while they may reduce churn, they also protect people from getting fired because of discriminatory employers.

»Even though there are some reasons why regulating fluidity could be good for workers, the long-term decline in reallocation is bad for the economy. That much you can tell from this paper. What you can't tell is what are the main drivers of this problem, and how to fix it. That's the challenge for economists and policy makers if they want to build a healthier economy. .../...»


How young entrepreneurs are innovating in agriculture (Agriculture 2.0)

The News Hub
Eleonora Crisafulli


«Modern farmers and tech startups bring their digital culture to bear on farming, creating online fruit and veg shops, apps and other tools for environmental sustainability.

»Old meets new economy on fields. Young people who are involved in farming aim industry innovation and there are increasing numbers of digital farmers, online veg shops and tech startups that are making agriculture their business. In Italy that’s called agriculture 2.0. There is a lot of talk about it, in view of the food-themed Expo 2015. But the theme concerns the whole Europe, where belief that agriculture industry needs new blood and innovative workers to grow is emerging.

»Beyond the enthusiasm of a happy return to the land, we need to acknowledge that the percentages of farmers under 35 are still low. While in Poland they reach 14,7%, the figures are more daunting in other countries, such as Italy (5,1%), Uk (4,1%) and Portugal (2,6%). For this reason, the EU Agriculture and Fisheries Council has just approved a document to support young farmers, focused on access to credit, land and knowledge. It aims for generational change and innovation to combat the economic and employment crisis.

»In anticipation of institutional incentives, a first push for innovation comes from the bottom, from young who decided to bring their digital culture to bear on agriculture, often combining ecommerce and organic farming. It’s the case of Contadini per passione, three guys who grow an orange grove in Sicily and use the web to promote themselves and sell their products. Through their website they do storytelling, by describing their activity on the fields. Social media and web marketing are used to acquire new customers, ecommerce shortens the supply chain and eliminates intermediation between producer and consumer. “Arms aren’t enough. It is finally understood that agriculture also needs brains. It needs to involve new people, smart, dynamic, brilliant, so as to improve the relationship between innovation and tradition”, 31-year-old founder Paolo Barbera said.

»Oscar Green winner 2014, Straberry is a startup that grows and sells berries through sustainable technology and in two years has achieved a turnover of 1 million euros. The photovoltaic panels on the greenhouse roof enable the company to produce clean energy for itself and other 5000 people. Strawberries grow out of the soil, in hanging gutters suspended 1,50 metre above the ground. Fruit, along with jams, juices and salads, is delivered in the city by Ape cars and every consumer, by using a code, can verify when it was harvested, where and by whom, through a certified traceability system.

»Ecommerce-based Cortilia is a digital agricultural marketplace that allows users to get fresh and seasonal products boxes at home from local farmers, in subscription or occasionally. Its purchase model responds to the increasingly consumers demand to eat healthily and sustainable, saving time. Here too, the farmers use the website to tell their stories and describe work behind their products. This business model has convinced investors and the company raised 2,5 million funds since its founding in 2011.

»Innovative ideas are also coming from experienced entrepreneurs like Oscar Farinetti, founder of high-end Italian food chain Eataly. He plans to sell fresh products online from a big garden, which will equipped with cameras to show how vegetables will be farmed.

»Then there are startups inventing apps and high-tech products to optimize agricultural practices such as Smart Ground, which simplifies activities and reduces the waste of water resources through environmental detection devices and a user-friendly software. The main aim is to promote sustainable use of water - more and more limited and subject to waste - by monitoring the amount in the soil and allowing irrigation only when and where there is a genuine need, according to the different crops.

»This and other innovative tools from all around the world will be showcased during the next universal exposition in Milan.»