2014/02/28

«Okanagan Tech Firm Turning Math on Its Head with Innovative Learning App»



Mark Stone
«Okanagan Tech Firm Turning Math on Its Head with Innovative Learning App»
Techvibes (Vancouver. Canadá)




El artículo narra la historia del desarrollo de un app para enseñar y aprender Matemáticas usando dispositivos móviles en lugar de libro de texto. Un par de años de investigación hasta la fecha y un trabajo de desarrollo de un equipo de profesores que están logrando, con alguna dificultad, los fonndos que necesitan para este proyecto. La directora Kristin Garn narra que la idea surgió porque sus alumnos le contaban que se aburrían mortalmente en clase, que además no abrían el libro de texto y que si alguna vez lo hacían, no les decía nada. Lo siguiente entonces era coger sus tablets o móviles para entretenerse. Los alumnos preguntaron a Kristin si podían aprender en sus móviles, y así empezó todo.












2014/02/27

«Google fund invests in education start-up Renaissance Learning»



«Google fund invests in education start-up Renaissance Learning»
Reuters (Nueva York. Estados Unidos)



Noticia de la primera inversión de Google en educación, con la compra de una participación minoritaria en Renaissance Learning, una start-up propiedad de la firma británica de capital privado Permira que provee de soluciones de software, por ejemplo, para leer, para calificaciones, etc., a 20 millones de profesores y alumnos en todo el mundo.












2014/02/26

«All Class Communication, Public: The Impact of Using Twitter in Lieu of LMS»



Jean-Julien Aucouturier
«All Class Communication, Public: The Impact of Using Twitter in Lieu of LMS»
International Journal of Learning and Media, Winter 2012, Vol. 4, No. 1, Pages 1-7 (Cambridge. Estados Unidos)



¿Qué es lo que ha encontrado en Twitter el profesor que comparte su experiencia desde las páginas de este artículo? Para resumir, se diría que la oportunidad de dar movilidad a los contenidos en la pizarra e igualmente romper la bilateralidad de la comunicación profesor/alumno y convertirla en comunicación entre varios, incluso entre muchos. En torno a esto, el autor aporta reflexiones y prácticas en el aula, como la de trabajar desde Tokio con un conjunto musical en Pensilvania.












2014/02/25

«Learning pathways for energy supply technologies: Bridging between innovation studies and learning rates»



Mark Winskel, Nils Markusson, Henry Jeffrey, Chiara Candelise, Geoff Dutton, Paul Howarth, Sophie Jablonski, Christos Kalyvas, David Ward
«Learning pathways for energy supply technologies: Bridging between innovation studies and learning rates»
Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 81, Nº. 1, 2014, págs. 96-114 (Nueva York. Estados Unidos)




Este artículo explora los dos amplios caminos que se ofrecen a investigadores, reguladores e inversores para comprender y aprender sobre fuentes de energía que comportan baja emisión de CO2. Estos dos amplios caminos son, como cabe suponer, el cuantitativo y el cualitativo. El cuantitativo de índices y el cualitativo contextual, con especial incidencia en lo socio-económico. Lo interesante, con relación al aprendizaje — Leitmotiv o etiqueta de la semana—, es la invitación de los autores a cultivar la interdisciplinariedad o transversalidad, es decir, una visión que comprenda aportaciones de varias disciplinas.












2014/02/24

Innovation Posts Collection February 18 to 21



Biodesign

Marija Bojovic, «Behind “Hy-Fi”: The Organic, Compostable Tower That Won MoMA PS1′s Young Architects Program 2014»

Jyoti Pande Lavakare, «How Stanford-India Biodesign's programme is revolutionizing medical device innovation»

Jason Torchinsky, «What The Hell Is That Ugly RV Thing At The Olympics?»

Claire O'Connell, «Bioinnovate puts the user at the centre of med-tech innovation»



Estigmergia de robots Termes Harvard

Josep Corbella, «Robots que no obedecen a nadie cooperan entre ellos»

Alejandro Serrano, «Harvard inventa un equipo autónomo de construcción robótico»

La Nación, «Las termitas inspiran a los robots del futuro»

Matías Benítez, «Robots “termitas” construyen castillos de forma autónoma»



Invention

Dominique Vian, «Innovation : attention à ne pas confondre avec “invention”»

Léonce Gamaï, «Beaune : créativité et innovation explosive à l’initiative d’Hervé Voirin»

Arnaud Lefebvre, «8 petits malheurs qui sont entrés dans l'histoire comme de brillantes inventions»

Thérèse Bouveret, «Inventive cultive les idées innovantes de la foule»



Produtividade

Antônio Teodoro, «Produtividade em baixa? Educação!»

Portogente, «Federação das Indústrias do Estado de Santa Catarina (FIESC) inaugura institutos de Inovação e Tecnologia do Senai em Santa Caterina»

Anna Carolina Ro, «Ouça música e aumente sua produtividade»

Marco Prates, «Baixa produtividade do Brasil não é culpa da educação»



Sustentabilidade

Fátima Missionária, «Culturgest acolhe debate sobre cidades sustentáveis»

LOCAL.PT, «RNAE promove roadshow sobre Eficiência Energética e Sustentabilidade Ambiental no Setor Empresarial»

iOnline, «Rock In Rio Lisboa é o primeiro festival em Portugal com sustentabilidade certificada»

LOCAL.PT, «Famalicão quer integrar Rede de Cidades Inteligentes»





2014/02/21

«Bioinnovate puts the user at the centre of med-tech innovation»



Claire O'Connell
«Bioinnovate puts the user at the centre of
med-tech innovation»

Silicon Republic (Dublín. Irlanda)




La tendencia de moda, poner al usuario en el centro, llega también a la alta tecnología e ingeniería del biodiseño, esta vez aplicado a la medicina y entendido como la identificación de las necesidades de los usuarios mediante la observación sobre el terreno. Todo empieza por algo tan sencillo como tener los ojos y la mente abiertos, si bien los ojos y las mentes dedicados al biodiseño médico, que son objeto del artículo de hoy, disponen de instrumental de última generación y de una formación elevada. El objetivo de esta focalización en el usuario es traducir la actividad científica a una producción que tenga acogida en el mercado.












2014/02/20

«What The Hell Is That Ugly RV Thing At The Olympics?»



Jason Torchinsky
«What The Hell Is That Ugly RV Thing At The Olympics?»
Jalopnik (Manhattan. Estados Unidos)



Este artículo, que tiene como título un tuit de la tenista María Sharapova, incide en la inversión millonaria que ha supuesto este autobús de alta gama, creación de la compañía austriaca Marchi Mobile, con un interior tan espectacular como el exterior. Su original diseño ha sido una atracción en las calles de Sochi en los pasados juegos de invierno. El autor del artículo aventura incluso una posible fuente de inspiración del mismo, con el elemento biológico de un pez.












2014/02/19

«How Stanford-India Biodesign's programme is revolutionizing medical device innovation»



Jyoti Pande Lavakare«How Stanford-India Biodesign's programme is revolutionizing medical device innovation»
The Economic Times (Gurgaon. India)



Resucitación de recién nacidos más sencilla como también la toma de muestras de tejidos vivos para biopsias, mediante instrumentos o semiautomatismos de nuevo diseño son algunos de los avances que facilitarán la vida de los seres humanos gracias a los frutos de la actividad que desarrolla este programa de Stanford asentado en un país en vías de desarrollo, India. El artículo nos da noticia de estas y otras revoluciones de laboratorio, no nos dice nada tocante a su comercialización, tema especialmente sensible para los países en desarrollo en lo relacionado con el derecho a la salud y la vida de los ciudadanos.












2014/02/18

«Behind “Hy-Fi”: The Organic, Compostable Tower That Won MoMA PS1′s Young Architects Program 2014»



Marija Bojovic
«Behind “Hy-Fi”: The Organic, Compostable Tower That Won MoMA PS1′s Young Architects Program 2014»
ArchDaily (Nueva York. Estados Unidos)



El ingenio y la inteligencia que crean diseño orgánico sorprenden continuamente por dar uso a esos materiales que siempre han estado junto a nosotros y que no hemos considerado dignos de atención, por el prurito de una perspectiva presuntamente sofisticada. Quien sorprende ahora es David Benjamin, el ganador del Programa de Jóvenes Arquitectos patrocinado por el Museo de Arte Moderno de Nueva York y por el MoMA PS1. Su construcción emplea ladrillos fabricados a partir de hongos, detalla este artículo.












2014/02/17

Innovation Posts Collection February 11 to 14



Alianza del Pacífico

Semana, «Las promesas de la VIII Cumbre del Pacífico»

América Economía, «Mercosur busca acelerar su integración con Alianza del Pacífico»

Andina (Agencia Peruana de Noticias), «Alianza del Pacífico es instrumento de inclusión social»

ICN Diario, «Santos: “La Alianza del Pacífico encendió el motor del desarrollo y la prosperidad en América Latina”»



Food Security

Munu Martin Luther, «Innovation can solve food security problems»

Zawya, «“Food security an immediate priority for GCC” says UAE Minister Of Water & Environment»

Pranjal Sharma, «Feeding Food Security»

EurActiv, «Milan's 2015 World Expo aims to spur food security debate»



Indústria

EBC (Empresa Brasil de Comunicação), «Indústria: bate-papo debate os rumos da inovação no Brasil»

Novo Jornal, «Angola e Brasil vão assinar acordo de cooperação industrial»

Átila Varela, «Federação das Indústrias do Estado do Ceará (Fiec) elencou 42 competências para o desenvolvimento de projetos de inovação tecnológica»

Marcelo Roma, «Pesquisas finalizadas no Parque Tecnológico de Sorocaba rendem as primeiras patentes»



PME e mercado digital

Jornal Diario, «Criação do Programa PME Digital, incluído na Agenda Digital e Tecnológica dos Açores»

Programa Operacional Temático Factores de Competitividade (COMPETE), «Horizonte 2020 explicado às PME»

PME Digital, «A Internet é hoje parte integrante das nossas vidas»

Ana Margarida Pinheiro, «QREN: Quanto vale e como receber»



Secteur Public

Philippe Parmantier, «“Re/acteur public” un projet pour “booster” l'innovation territoriale»

Léonce Gamaï, «“Agenda 2063” : Le rêve de Dlamini Zuma pour l’Afrique dans cinquante ans»

Hakim Bahechar, «IBM inaugure un nouveau centre d’innovation au Maroc»

IIAS Knowledge Portal on Public Administration, «Innovation in the Public Sector – Interview of Mrs Françoise Waintrop»





2014/02/14

«Milan's 2015 World Expo aims to spur food security debate»



«Milan's 2015 World Expo aims to spur food security debate»
EurActiv (Bélgica. Bruselas)



Feeding the planet - Energy for life: es el lema de la exposición que el año próximo se desarrollará teniendo como base Milán, en el marco de la consecución de los objetivos del Milenio en materia de seguridad alimentaria. Se trata de una macroexposición que desea contribuir a afianzar la producción alimentaria sostenible en todo el mundo, en los países tanto desarrollados como en desarrollo. Este artículo informativo en la web de la UE resume de las líneas principales de este acontecimiento que se prepara ya activamente.











2014/02/13

«Feeding Food Security»



Pranjal Sharma
«Feeding Food Security»
Businessworld (Nueva Delhi. India)



Calidad de producción y facilidad de comercialización: hacia estos dos focos desea dirigir la atención este artículo de opinión sobre el reciente Asi Africa Agri Business Forum. La agricultura ocupa el primer plano de una realidad que involucra a multitud de agentes y afecta de forma vital a las sociedades, como también se hace ver en esta página. No está de más repetir todo esto que presuntamente es conocido mientras nuestra realidad también en este sector se encuentre en manos de unos pocos intereses, tal vez por dejadez, ignorancia culpable o falta de innovación en la sociedad que así permite el manejo de sus recursos.












2014/02/12

«“Food security an immediate priority for GCC” says UAE Minister Of Water & Environment»



«“Food security an immediate priority for GCC”
says UAE Minister Of Water & Environment»

Zawya (Dubai. Emiratos Árabes Unidos)



La seguridad alimentaria será una de las prioridades en la próxima edición de la Cumbre Mundial Gulfood, una de las mayores ferias y congresos del mundo de los alimentos y la hospitalidad. Esta declaración, y titular del artículo en esta página, ha sido realizada por el Ministro de Agua y Medioambiente de los Emiratos Árabes Unidos, que acogerá en Dubai este gran encuentro.












2014/02/11

«Innovation can solve food security problems»



Munu Martin Luther
«Innovation can solve food security problems»
New Vision (Kampala. Uganda)



Grandes desafíos para África en materia alimentaria, fruto de lo extremo de su clima y de las dificultades en distribución y control de existencias. Son obstáculos que experimentan los africanos desde limitaciones como el fracaso de los cultivos, el bajo poder adquisitivo y la debilidad de sus proveedores. El autor de este artículo trabaja en el Consumer Unity & Trust Society -Africa Resource Centre (CUTS-ARC) y ofrece sus propuestas a través de innovaciones en estos desafíos y puntos débiles que ha identificado.












2014/02/10

Innovation Posts Collection February 4 to 7



Ana Brasil com Joana Bourgard, «Leitão à Bairrada pelo chef Ricardo Costa. O chef do The Yeatman executa a sua interpretação de um dos mais famosos pratos portugueses»


Camilo Rocha, «Evernote quer manter espírito de startup»


Correio do Estado, «Fim da neutralidade da internet põe em risco a inovação»


Expresso, «Três estadistas africanos avisam que inovação no continente só chegará com democracia total»


Globalquality Consulting, «El turismo bate records, ¿y la innovación turística?»


ICom - Instituto Comunitário Grande Florianópolis, «Gerente executivo do ICom (Instituto Comunitário Grande Florianópolis) fala sobre gestão de ONGs, apoio a investidores sociais e inovação social»


Isabelle Hennebelle, «Rebondir avec l’innovation frugale»


João Varella, «Transparência Já»


Julián Domínguez Rivera, «Prioridad a la innovación»


Mike Masnick, «Innovation Asymmetry: Why The Copyright Industry Always Freaks Out About New Technologies»


Notícias ao Minuto, «Primeiro-Ministro Cabo Verde propõe cimeira africana sobre inovação»


OECD, «National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development with perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia»


Paco Corma, «Innovación basada en nuevos conocimientos»


Rosemary L. Ripley, «Innovate like a startup: what big brands can learn from small companies. Lessons from the beer and soda industries on why the survival of big brands depends on innovation»


Rural Agri-Innovation Network (RAIN), «The Rural Agri-Innovation Network (RAIN) today announced the upcoming RAIN Symposium February 7th & 8th in Bruce Mines, Ontario»


Ruth Simón Fermosell, «Nuevo centro de innovación en el Caribe para promover los negocios verdes y las energías renovables»


Sandra Cunha, «Afinal para que queremos a Ciência?»


Solène Méric, «L’innovation en viticulture: le triple défi de la compétitivité économique, environnementale et qualitative»


Up Conferences, «Navi Radjou: “Convertir l’adversité en opportunité et faire mieux avec moins de ressources”»


VotreArgent, «Estée Lauder: un nouveau directeur de l’innovation»






2014/02/07

«Innovate like a startup: what big brands can learn from small companies. Lessons from the beer and soda industries on why the survival of big brands depends on innovation»



Ser pequeño no siempre es ser invisible en el conservador mundo de los negocios. Incluso en casos como el que ocupa el artículo a continuación, equivale a ocupar un lugar prominente que atrae la atención de la inteligencia de negocio.




«Innovate like a startup: what big brands can learn from small companies. Lessons from the beer and soda industries on why the survival of big brands depends on innovation»


«The beer industry, which is dominated by a few big players, might seem like a tough environment for small companies. But craft beer is the fastest-growing segment.»


«A number of Fortune 500 companies like Merck have been in the news lately for restructuring and downsizing their research and development efforts. Merck is not unique among the largest companies: many appear uncommitted to investing in and developing new products, instead relying on smaller enterprises for innovation that they can buy or license.

»At the same time, smaller companies are innovating successfully - and not just in new industries like social media, but also in well-established consumer industries, where the largest competitors have the advantage of billions of dollars in resources and decades of experience. This is particularly true in growing areas of health and sustainability, where many young growth companies are creating better-for-you (BFY) brands. These brands often feature products made with natural ingredients or more sustainable materials, thereby minimizing the use of chemicals and/or waste.

»Two areas where young companies have used innovation to compete successfully against well-established giants include craft beer and naturally sweetened soda.

»The beer industry has been highly concentrated - or dominated by a few players - for several decades, a scenario that typically limits competition. In 1992, the top three companies accounted for 79% of the US industry. Today the top two companies, Anheuser-Busch InBev and SABMiller, which have each merged with a big competitor, account for roughly the same market share.

»However, the fastest growing beer segment is craft beer. While sales in the rest of the industry are flat or declining, craft beer sales grew 17% last year.

»Craft beer companies have accomplished this by tapping into regional loyalties and consumers’ desires to try new flavors with ingredient profiles that are different from the established players. And while the largest companies are making acquisitions and introducing their own versions of craft beers, they have mostly struggled to develop new products that resonate with consumers.

»Similarly, the soda industry is also highly concentrated. Marketing budgets, as well as large-scale manufacturing and distribution, make up the backbone of the largest companies’ success. This may not seem like the best category for a young company. And yet, as with beer, the largest soda companies are beholden to the success and the support of their largest brands.

»These brands are the cash-flow engines of their enterprises, so reinventing them to keep up with changes in consumer taste isn’t easy. This provides a window of opportunity for innovative young companies that can quickly develop, market and distribute products to meet consumers’ preferences for new tastes and better-quality ingredients.

»Numerous companies have rushed to meet this need. The battle between large and small competitors has intensified recently, as overall soft drink sales have declined. Sales of regular sodas fell roughly 3% last year, according to Nielsen data through 21 December, while diet sodas which declined more than twice as fast at 7%.

»Surveys indicate that consumers are reducing their caloric intake and searching for healthier alternatives. This plays into the hands of many new beverage companies, which are creating new brands that use low- or no-calorie sweeteners; natural sweeteners, such as stevia; or other natural ingredients.

»If the Mercks of the world rely increasingly on acquisitions for growth, in the short term, they will likely underperform their competitors in the short term and see lower share prices. In the long term, if the industry giants don’t innovate - if they continue to lose their entrepreneurial cultures - they will lose market share and be pushed aside by new entrants.

»According to a recent study by BCG and IRI, the largest companies have lost 1.4 market share points – worth more than $10bn – to small and mid-sized companies since 2009. Very few of the largest companies are growing sales, volume and market share, the study concludes.

»As a venture capitalist who previously worked in a Fortune 10 company, I believe that without an internal commitment to innovation, even the strongest brands in the slowest-moving industries will eventually wither and die.

»Among the companies we finance, we look for management teams that embrace a lean, non-hierarchical style, that are quick to jump on emerging trends such as BFY products and sustainability, and that permit an environment of controlled risk-taking and failure. Belief that valuable insights may be sourced outside the company is also important, both for smaller companies and larger ones.

»Large companies might consider strategic alliances and investments with venture capital and private equity firms in order to incubate and assimilate a more risk-oriented approach towards growth. Corporate leaders in large companies that are committed to organic growth and want to continue to lead their industries can find great examples in small companies.»



The Guardian, Rosemary L. Ripley, managing director of NGEN







2014/02/06

«The Rural Agri-Innovation Network (RAIN) today announced the upcoming RAIN Symposium February 7th & 8th in Bruce Mines, Ontario»



Momentos y encuentros para el conocimiento, el futuro, las alianzas son los congresos y simposios profesionales. En el transcurso de su celebración son una carrera contra el tiempo para abarcar el mayor número de ideas y contactos; mientras se preparan, deben competir con los asuntos urgentes diarios para obtener atención y dedicación.




«Rebondir avec l’innovation frugale»


«The Rural Agri-Innovation Network (RAIN) today announced the upcoming RAIN Symposium, focused on agriculture and food workshops, to be held at Bruce Station Hall (pictured, right) in Bruce Mines this February 7th and 8th.

»RAIN identified cold-hardy fruit production as a topic of interest to Algoma growers. The annual RAIN Symposium, hosted in the winter to accommodate the busy schedule of farmers, will provide an opportunity to bring the agriculture community together.

»“We’ve always strived for the RAIN Symposium to bring the experts to the growers. Dr. Bors is internationally-known for his work with cold-tolerant fruit crops, and will provide a wealth of practical experience. We hope this knowledge-sharing will encourage growers in our area try new fruit crops with reduced risk,” said Errol Caldwell, Co-Chair, RAIN.

»On the evening of Friday, February 7th Bryan Gilvesy of Y U Ranch in Tillsonburg, Ontario will lead “Marketing and Innovation for Local Food Producers” where he will discuss how Y U Ranch’s innovative techniques have allowed them to overcome barriers for selling beef in the local market.

»Friday evening’s dinner and discussion will provide innovative solutions for selling through the local food system. Y U Ranch is an ecologically-conscious beef operation whose 100% grass-fed beef is sold at the farm gate and more than a dozen restaurants throughout southern Ontario.

»“Y U Ranch has shortened value chains through brand management and innovation, with the long-term objective of returning maximum dollar value to the farm. Hopefully this talk will inspire producers to move up the value chain and look at their farms as businesses with compelling value propositions, not just beef production systems,” explained Bryan.

»On Saturday, February 8th, Dr. Bob Bors from the University of Saskatchewan will lead a full-day workshop on “Northern Hardy Fruit Production,” sharing his experience at the university’s Fruit Program, known to be the northern-most fruit breeding program in Canada. Dr. Bors will share basic concepts relevant to beginners, as well as advanced techniques for experienced growers. Topics will include easy grafting with parafilm, predicting and accessing winter damage, avoiding late frosts, and techniques for getting fruit trees to grow faster. Dr. Bors will share his research experience growing and breeding cold-tolerant fruit, as well as techniques for selecting which fruits to grow in the north.

»“Many factors need to be taken into consideration when growing fruit in cold climates. Although species selection is important, winter survival isn’t the only characteristic to be considered. One should consider: Which species are easy to grow and harvest? Which species taste good? Which ones can be processed? Or which ones might have a market?” explained Dr. Bors, Assistant Professor, Plant Science,. University of Saskatchewan.

»In addition, Saturday’s workshop will include discussions from local producers and horticulturalists.

»Greg and Mira Melien of Boreal Berry Farm & Winery will discuss their farm business, growing and processing haskap berries into juices, syrups, sauces and wine. Ron Lewis of Lewis’s Hardy Fruit Trees & Giant Pumpkins will share his experience growing and selling fruit trees appropriate for Climate Zone 3. Finally, Dale Jackson from St. Joseph Island will share his experience with orchard maintenance. Both workshops will be held at Bruce Station Hall (109 Station Rd.) in Bruce Mines.»



Rural Agri-Innovation Network (RAIN)







2014/02/05

«National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development with perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia»



Poseer otorga poder, sean medios económicos, información o cualidad. La codicia humana a la par que la regulación alcanzan a los intangibles sobre los que se sustenta la economía del conocimiento.




«National Intellectual Property Systems, Innovation and Economic Development with perspectives on Colombia and Indonesia»

«Innovation plays a pivotal role in economic development: this is one important lesson of the past decades. The build-up of innovation capacities has been central to successful growth experiences. Intellectual property (IP) rights are important for building up those innovation capacities, and are even more pivotal to the knowledge economy where intangible assets are critical. For this reason the national IP system is a policy area of potentially significant impact on innovation.

»This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives. This allows country studies to be conducted to identify strengths and weaknesses in the IP system from the perspective of contributions to national innovation performance.

»The report also discusses two IP country studies conducted for Colombia and Indonesia. These are based on analyses of the national IP systems, drawing on country missions that gathered detailed information and feedback from stakeholders on IP-related priorities and bottlenecks. Concrete policy recommendations are provided for both countries.



»Read online

»Buy the book

»Download on OECD iLibrary

»Main findings (pdf)»



OECD







2014/02/04

«Innovation Asymmetry: Why The Copyright Industry Always Freaks Out About New Technologies»



El horizonte de esta innovación es el equilibrio entre identificar oportunidades y fuentes de ganancias, y centrarnos en aportar innovaciones y en evitar pérdidas. Al optar por lo segundo, estamos ya perdiendo, pues nos cerramos a ver oportunidades, además de no asegurar el acierto en innovar.




«Innovation Asymmetry: Why The Copyright Industry Always Freaks Out About New Technologies»

«A few weeks ago, I was in Washington DC to moderate a panel concerning the intersection of innovation and copyright. One of the panelists, law professor Michael Carrier whose work we’ve mentioned before, talked about an interesting concept to explain why many people in the “copyright industries” freaked out about new innovations, rather than recognizing their opportunities. He referred to it as “innovation asymmetry” and he’s now expanded on the idea over at the Disruptive Competition Project’s blog.

»I define the innovation asymmetry as an overemphasis on a technology’s infringing uses and insufficient appreciation of its noninfringing uses. Why is there such an asymmetry? Because infringing uses are immediately apparent, quantifiable, and advanced by motivated, well-financed copyright holders. Noninfringing uses, in contrast, are less tangible and less apparent at the onset of a technology.

»The costs of infringing uses can be quantified. They roll off copyright owners’ tongues: $250 billion in losses to the U.S. economy each year from IP infringement. 750,000 jobs lost annually from infringement. It doesn’t matter if the figures are correct. For even if they are completely disproved, the mere articulation of numbers promises a precision that is difficult to dislodge from the audience’s consciousness.


»On the flip side, the power of potential innovation is much harder to quantify.

»In contrast, noninfringing uses are less tangible, less obvious at the onset of a technology, and not advanced by an army of motivated advocates. First, they are less tangible. Noninfringing uses are difficult to quantify. How do we put a dollar figure on the benefits of enhanced communication and interaction? Estimates of future noninfringing uses will be less powerful than the actual, hard-dollar figures presented by copyright owners.

»Second, they are more fully developed over time. When a new technology is introduced, no one, including the inventor, knows all of the beneficial uses to which it will eventually be put. The path of history is replete with inventions for which nobody foresaw the eventual popular and revolutionary use.


»He then lists out a whole series of inventions where the inventor was completely wrong in how their invention would be used. In some ways, this is a modified form of loss aversion. People often strongly prefer avoiding losses to acquiring gains. But it goes a bit further than that, because Carrier correctly notes that you can look at what’s around and try to “quantify” those losses, making them feel more “real” even if they’re not. But the opportunities and advancements that these innovations almost always enable are things that are less obvious, even to the inventors, even if they always show up eventually.

»So you have a classic form of “information asymmetry” in that you can believe you have real information about the potential losses, but not have the information on the very large gains, leading many to simply focus on the losses rather than the gains. That leads to misguided attacks on the technology, moral panics and the like. Carrier hopes that by explaining this concept, more will begin to actually be aware of it, rather than automatically be swayed by the fear mongering.

»When policymakers and courts consider copyright law, they must take into account the innovation asymmetry. For if they do not, innovation will suffer. And we will not even know what we have lost.»




Innovation, Techdirt blog, Mike Masnick







Innovation Posts Collection January 28 to 31


Charles Bezerra, «Cultura e inovação»


Diário Digital, «Arquiteto britânico Kenneth Frampton vai dar conferências no Porto e em Lisboa»


DirectInfo, «Tunisie – L’Artisanat à Kebili: Problème de commercialisation et manque d’innovation»


EcoPlus TV, «L’innovation sociale au coeur des élections municipales, rencontre avec NKM à La Ruche»


El País, «CPA Innovation convocó a expertos para disertar sobre creatividad»


Eugene Ivanov, «What Dancing Can Teach Us about Innovation»


Gabriela Stripoli, «Líderes de tecnologia pensam inovação de maneira errada, aponta fundador do Twitter. Jack Dorsey critica o uso desmedido dos termos “tecnologia” e “inovação” e dispara que líderes de tecnologia tendem a focar em detalhes, esquecendo-se do macro do negócio»


Globe Small Business, from The Globe and Mail, «Book Excerpt. Shifting your focus to the 'less fun' side of innovation. From Beyond the Idea: How to Execute Innovation in Any Organization by Vijay Govindarajan and Chris Trimble»


Jocelyn Atkinson and Michael Graber, «The Role of Play in Innovation»


Josemil Arruda, «Com proposta de inovação, Showtec 2014 recebe 13 mil pessoas em três dias»


La Voix du Nord, «Un dispositif unique en France: des apprentis recherche pour favoriser l’innovation dans les PME»


LOCAL.PT, «Jornadas Internacionais Online de Educação, Tecnologia e Inovação»


Lourdes Zambrano, «Desairan innovacion empresas de América Latina»


Luis Carlos Valdés de León, «Falta cultura de la innovación en empresarios. En La Laguna no es conceptualizada como una forma de recibir apoyos, ya que la consideran una necesidad que tienen que resolver, cuando instancias federales como ProMéxico y Conacyt, otorgan recursos»


Noticias ao minuto, «Portugueses participam em criação de janela inteligente»


Paula Urien, «Una jornada para instalar la cultura de la innovación. El Banco Galicia implementó un proceso para generar ideas con sus empleados»


Rafael Romer, «Enterprise Precinct and Innovation Campus (EPIC), o hub de inovação que surgiu após um terremoto»


Sid Peimer, «How innovation nearly killed LEGO»


VOA Português, «Cabo Verde acolhe 1.ª Cimeira sobre a Inovação em África»


Yann Gourvennec, «10 Mythes De L’innovation Mis En Pièces Par Scott Berkun»